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Journals and Conferences
We investigate WDM layer network cost in typical North American networks and show that optical transparency at degree 2 and system reach between 1000-2000 km is sufficient for traffic loads between 1 -13 Tb/s.
Verbalism is especially a problem in the education of blind children since they are limited to the use of senses other than vision. They depend extensively upon tactual observations for concrete experiences. Verbal learning without appropriate formation and concrete experience has been frequently mentioned in the literature as one of the major problems in… (More)
Successful fabrication of intermetallic coatings on surfaces of manufacturing interest involves regulation of the temperature/ concentration dynamic distributions that develop in the molten layer during the thermal and reaction process. Modeling the spatio-temporal dynamics of this metallurgical process, however, requires partial differential equations that… (More)