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The therapeutic value of human serum butyrylcholinesterase (Hu BChE) as a bioscavenger of chemical warfare agents is due to its high reactivity with organophosphorus compounds and prolonged circulatory stability. Native Hu BChE is mostly tetrameric in form while the enzyme produced using molecular cloning technology is a mixture of tetramers, dimers, and(More)
Cholinesterases (ChEs) are classified as either acetylcholinesterase (AChE) or butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) based on their substrate and inhibitor specificity. Organophosphate and carbamate compounds commonly represented by herbicides, pesticides, and nerve gases irreversibly inhibit ChEs. Therefore, exposure to organophosphates and carbamates is normally(More)
Current methods for measuring acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities in whole blood use butyrylcholinesterase (BChE)-selective inhibitors. However, the poor selectivity of these inhibitors results in the inhibition of AChE activity to some degree, leading to errors in reported values. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a simple assay for(More)
The effects of a large dose of human serum butyrylcholinesterase (HuBChE) were evaluated in rhesus monkeys using a serial-probe recognition (SPR) task designed to assess attention and short-term memory. Each monkey received an intravenous injection of 150 mg (105,000 U or 30 mg/kg) of HuBChE 60 min prior to testing on the SPR task. Concurrent with the(More)
AIM To assess the consequences of repeated administrations of purified human serum butyrylcholinesterase (Hu BChE) and mouse serum (Mo) BChE into mice. MAIN METHODS Purified Hu BChE and Mo BChE isolated from the sera of CD-1 mice were administered into Balb/c or CD-1 mice. The enzymes were delivered by i.m. injections of approximately 100U (0.15mg) on day(More)