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An understanding of the basic structure, viscoelastic properties and interactions of mucin glycoproteins is of considerable interest to food science because of the important protective role that these macromolecules play in gastric physiology. The polymeric/colloidal behavior of mucins is complicated due to their large size (2–50 MDa) and complex structure(More)
We present dynamic light scattering (DLS) and hydrophobic dye-binding data in an effort to elucidate a molecular mechanism for the ability of gastric mucin to form a gel at low pH, which is crucial to the barrier function of gastric mucus. DLS measurements of dilute mucin solutions were not indicative of intermolecular association, yet there was a steady(More)
Epithelial mucins are glycoproteins of very large molecular weight that provide viscoelastic and gel-forming properties to mucus, the jellylike protective layer covering epithelial organs. In the mammalian stomach the mucus gel layer protects the underlying epithelial cells from HCl in the lumen. We report here that pig gastric mucin undergoes a 100-fold(More)
Gastric mucin, a high molecular weight glycoprotein, is responsible for providing the gel-forming properties and protective function of the gastric mucus layer. Bulk rheology measurements in the linear viscoelastic regime show that gastric mucin undergoes a pH-dependent sol-gel transition from a viscoelastic solution at neutral pH to a soft viscoelastic gel(More)
The helical shape of the human stomach pathogen Helicobacter pylori has been suggested to provide mechanical advantage for penetrating the viscous stomach mucus layer. Using single-cell tracking and quantitative morphology analysis, we document marked variation in cell body helical parameters and flagellum number among H. pylori strains leading to distinct(More)
Nucleation of cholesterol monohydrate crystals from bile is a critical step in the formation of cholesterol gallstones. Measurement of nucleation in model bile system and the characteristics of the initial nucleus have proven elusive. In this study we have used three separate physical chemical techniques to examine vesicle aggregation and fusion, including(More)
The ulcer-causing gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori is the only bacterium known to colonize the harsh acidic environment of the human stomach. H. pylori survives in acidic conditions by producing urease, which catalyzes hydrolysis of urea to yield ammonia thus elevating the pH of its environment. However, the manner in which H. pylori is able to swim(More)
We report the first Raman spectroscopic study of the glycosaminoglycans chondroitin 4-sulfate, chondroitin 6-sulfate and hyaluronic acid, both in solution and in the solid state. To aid in spectral identification, infrared spectra were also recorded from films of these samples. Vibrational frequencies for important functional groups like the sulfate groups,(More)