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Consumption of omega 3 fatty acids is known to have health benefits. For many years, the importance of the only member of the omega 3 family considered to be essential, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), has been overlooked. Current research indicates that ALA, along with its longer chain metabolites, may play an important role in many physiological functions.(More)
The effect of vitamin A on chicken intestinal mucosal morphology and functionality was tested in relation to severe and mild vitamin A deficiency and vitamin A repletion. Compared with rats and mice, chickens have a very quick response to a deficient dietary intake. Severe vitamin A deficiency altered the small intestine of chickens at both the biochemical(More)
1. The effect of vitamin A on the small intestine was examined in vitamin-A-deficient meat-type chickens. 2. Maturation and activity of the small intestinal cells were assayed by detection of proliferating cells with proliferating cells nuclear antigen, goblet cells with Alcian blue, mature cells with alkaline phosphatase and extent of RNA expression with(More)
BACKGROUND Supplementation of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and of iron are among the principal therapies in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Therapeutic iron, as well as heme iron from chronic mucosal bleeding, can increase iron-mediated oxidative stress in colitis. This study was designed to examine the influence of iron supplementation on(More)
The etiology and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease are still not fully understood. However, evidence from both animal models and clinical observations suggests luminal bacteria as the most probable inducer of this disease. The intestinal bacterial microbiota may be modified by dietary addition of viable probiotic bacteria, thereby constituting an(More)
UNLABELLED To evaluate the diagnostic information gained from hepatobiliary scanning in infants, we reviewed 86 consecutive infants who were < or = 4 mo old and were treated for conjugated hyperbilirubinemia at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto between 1985 and 1993 and who had technetium iminodiacetic hepatobiliary scanning and a percutaneous liver(More)
Ten exclusively gastrostomy-fed, neurologically impaired children (4.5-14.5 years old) with gastroesophageal reflux were randomly assigned to receive feedings with either a casein- or a whey-based formula for 48 h each and then crossed over to the other formula. One 24-h pH probe study each was performed while being fed casein- and whey-based formula,(More)
BACKGROUND Two German sisters aged 14 and 17 y were admitted to the Tübingen eye hospital with a history of night blindness. In both siblings, plasma retinol binding protein (RBP) concentrations were below the limit of detection (<0.6 micromol/L) and plasma retinol concentrations were extremely low (0.19 micromol/L). Interestingly, intestinal absorption of(More)
Roots of the herb Panax ginseng are known to contain high levels of bioactive saponins. Here, we isolated saponins from ginseng root powder and studied their inhibitory effect on the absorption of dietary fat in male Balb/c mice. Consumption of ginseng saponins suppressed the expected increase in body weight and plasma triacylglycerols, following a high-fat(More)