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Clinical electroencephalography (EEG) is routinely used to monitor brain function in critically ill patients, and specific EEG waveforms are recognized by clinicians as signatures of abnormal brain. These pathologic EEG waveforms, once detected, often necessitate accute clinincal interventions, but these events are typically rare, highly variable between(More)
Lacosamide (LCM) is a novel antiepileptic drug (AED) approved by the FDA for adjunctive treatment of partial epilepsy with and without secondary generalization. Lacosamide dose-dependent dysrhythmias (PR-interval prolongation, AV block, and atrial fibrillation/flutter) have been reported. This case represents the first instance of LCM-induced atrial(More)
Blocking the development of epilepsy (epileptogenesis) is a fundamental research area with the potential to provide large benefits to patients by avoiding the medical and social consequences that occur with epilepsy and lifelong therapy. Human clinical trials attempting to prevent epilepsy (antiepileptogenesis) have been few and universally unsuccessful to(More)
BACKGROUND Standardized research terminology critical to the establishment of a multicenter intensive care unit (ICU) electroencephalogram (EEG) database was originally proposed in 2005 and has been modified many times since. However, interrater agreement (IRA) of the revised terminology has not been investigated. METHODS After a brief tutorial,(More)
BACKGROUND Brain tissue oxygen (PbtO(2)) monitors are utilized in a threshold-based fashion, triggering actions based on the presumption of tissue compromise when PbtO(2) is less than 20 mmHg. Some early published practice guidelines suggest that seizure is a potential culprit when PbtO(2) crosses this threshold; evidence for this is not well defined. (More)
Levetiracetam (LEV) is a novel antiepileptic drug (AED) approved for the adjunctive treatment of generalized and partial seizures. LEV has no clinically significant drug interactions and has limited adverse effects. The psychiatric adverse effects of LEV include de novo psychosis, affective disorder, and aggression. LEV-induced suicidal behavior has been(More)
PURPOSE Anterior Temporal Lobectomy (ATL) is the gold standard surgical treatment for refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), but it carries the risks associated with invasiveness, including cognitive and visual deficits and potential damage to eloquent structures. Laser thermal hippocampectomy (LTH) is a new procedure that offers a less invasive(More)
BACKGROUND Delay in distinguishing psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) from epilepsy may result in significant health and economic burdens. Screening tools are needed to facilitate earlier identification of patients with PNES, thereby maximizing cost-effective use of video electroencephalography (VEEG), the expensive gold standard for differentiating(More)