Ram Dhoj Shrestha

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Fifteen patients with far-advanced gastric cancer were given surgical treatment followed by intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP) with mitomycin C (MMC) and misonidazole (MIS), a thermosensitizing drug. Immediately after extensive resection of the abdominal tumors, a 2-hour IPHP was performed at the inflow temperature of 44.7 to 48.7 C, using(More)
To evaluate the clinical efficacy of intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP) for far-advanced gastric cancer, particularly with peritoneal seeding, we investigated the survival times of 59 patients who underwent distal subtotal gastrectomy, total gastrectomy, or total gastrectomy combined with concomitant resection of some of the remaining(More)
To treat six patients with peritoneal recurrence after radical operation for gastrointestinal cancer, an intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP), combined with surgical resection of recurrent tumors, intestinal by-pass anastomosis, or both, was carried out. Immediately after complete resection of the intraperitoneal recurrent tumors, a 2- to 3-hour(More)
The antitumor effects of two polyamine antimetabolites, alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) and methylglyoxal-bis-guanylhydrazone (MGBG), when combined with cis-diamminedichlroplatinum (CDDP) or mitomycin C (MMC), were studied using human gastric cancer cells xenotransplanted into nude mice. DFMO 1000 mg/kg and MGBG 50 mg/kg were given intraperitoneally(More)
We examined the effects of misonidazole (MISO) and recombinant human tumour necrosis factor (rh-TNF) on tumour blood flow in mice given hyperthermic treatments. MISO (500 mg kg-1) or rh-TNF (6 x 10(4) unit kg-1) was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) prior to hyperthermia to nude mice bearing a xenoplanted human gastric cancer and tumour blood flow was(More)
We prepared biodegradable microspheres containing about 5% mitomycin C (MMC) and of 45 +/- 8 microns in diameter. These preparations were infused into the rat hepatic artery as a preclinical model of intra-arterial infusion treatment for patients with inoperable hepatic tumor. The leaked MMC levels in the hepatic vein decreased below the assay limitation 2(More)
In attempts to avoid the side-effects derived from a scald on the peritoneo-serosal surface during intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP) for advanced gastric cancer, a randomized study using cimetidine, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, was carried out on 18 patients with advanced gastric cancer. Cimetidine, 50 mg/kg, was administered(More)
Intraoperative pelvic hyperthermochemotherapy (IOPHC) with mitomycin C (MMC) was prescribed for 14 patients with resectable advanced rectal cancer in an attempt to prevent a postoperative local recurrence. Immediately after rectal amputation and extended lymphadenectomy, IOPHC was performed using physiologic saline containing 40 micrograms/mL of MMC at 45.5(More)
The antitumor effects of alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), methylglyoxal-bis-guanylhydrazone (MGBG) and mitomycin C (MMC), administered separately or in various combinations, on human stomach cancer cells xenotransplanted into BALB/c nude mice were studied using the protocol of Battelle's Columbus Laboratories (Ovejera et al., 1978). DFMO (1,000 mg/kg(More)
Antitumor therapies using polyamine antimetabolites combined with 1-(4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidyl)methyl-3(2-chloroethyl)-3-nitrosourea (ACNU) or fluorinated pyrimidines for human gastric cancer xenotransplanted into nude mice were studied to determine inhibiting post-therapeutic regrowth of the tumor after cessation of antitumor treatments with polyamine(More)