Ram Devanathan

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Defect properties and phase transition in UO(2) have been studied from first principles by the all-electron projector-augmented-wave (PAW) method. The generalized gradient approximation with empirical self-interaction correction, (GGA)+U, formalism has been used to account for the strong on-site Coulomb repulsion among the localized U 5f electrons. The(More)
We have performed a detailed analysis of water clustering and percolation in hydrated Nafion configurations generated by classical molecular dynamics simulations. Our results show that at low hydration levels H(2)O molecules are isolated and a continuous hydrogen-bonded network forms as the hydration level is increased. Our quantitative analysis has(More)
We present a detailed analysis of the nanostructure of the short side chain (SSC) perfluorosulfonic acid membrane and its effect on H(2)O clustering, H(3)O(+) and H(2)O diffusion, and mean residence times of H(2)O near SO(3)(-) groups based on molecular dynamics simulations. We studied a range of hydration levels (λ) at temperatures of 300 and 360 K, and(More)
We used classical molecular dynamics simulation with the DREIDING force field to characterize the changes in the nanostructure of Nafion membrane brought about by systematically changing the hydration level. We calculated the relative percentages of free, weakly bound, and bound water in hydrated Nafion membranes. At low hydration levels, coordination of(More)
The effects of hydration level and temperature on the nanostructure of an atomistic model of a Nafion (DuPont) membrane and the vehicular transport of hydronium ions and water molecules were examined using classical molecular dynamics simulations. Through the determination and analysis of structural and dynamical parameters such as density, radial(More)
We present a comparative study of proton dissociation in various functional acidic units that are promising candidates as building blocks for polymeric electrolyte membranes. Minimum energy structures for four acidic moieties with clusters of 1-6 water molecules were determined using density functional theory at the B3LYP/6-311G** level starting from(More)
This report presents the results of classical molecular dynamics simulations of the diffuse premelting transition, melting, and defect production by 1 keV U recoils in UO(2) using five different rigid ion potentials. The experimentally observed premelting transition occurred for all five cases. For all the potentials studied, dynamic defect annealing is(More)
We have performed a detailed and comprehensive analysis of the dynamics of water molecules and hydronium ions in hydrated Nafion using classical molecular dynamics simulations with the DREIDING force field. In addition to calculating diffusion coefficients as a function of hydration level, we have also determined mean residence time of H(2)O molecules and(More)
We report the results of ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of a model Nafion polymer membrane initially equilibrated using classical molecular dynamics simulations. We studied three hydration levels (λ) of 3, 9, and 15 H2O/SO3(-) corresponding to dry, hydrated, and saturated fuel cell membrane, respectively. The barrier for proton transfer from the(More)
We have performed classical molecular dynamics simulations of fission track formation in zircon. We simulated the passage of a swift heavy ion through crystalline zircon using cylindrical thermal spikes with energy deposition (dE/dx) of 2.5-12.8 keV nm( - 1) and a radius of 3 nm. At a low dE/dx of 2.55 keV nm( - 1), the structural damage recovered almost(More)