Ramón Soto-Otero

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Angiotensin II activates (via type 1 receptors) NAD(P)H-dependent oxidases, which are a major source of superoxide, and is relevant in the pathogenesis of several cardiovascular diseases and certain degenerative changes associated with ageing. Given that there is a brain renin-angiotensin system and that oxidative stress is a key contributor to Parkinson's(More)
There is growing evidence indicating that oxidative stress is a key contributor to the pathogenesis and progression of Parkinson's disease. The brain, and particularly the basal ganglia, possesses a local rennin-angiotensin system. Angiotensin activates NAD(P)H-dependent oxidases, which are a major intracellular source of superoxide, and angiotensin(More)
The autoxidation and monoamine oxidase (MAO)-mediated metabolism of dopamine (3-hydroxytyramine; DA) cause a continuous production of hydroxyl radical (*OH), which is further enhanced by the presence of iron (ferrous iron, Fe(2+) and ferric ion, Fe(3+)). The accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in the presence of Fe(2+) appears to discard the(More)
The ability of aluminium to affect the oxidant status of specific areas of the brain (cerebellum, ventral midbrain, cortex, hippocampus, striatum) was investigated in rats intraperitoneally treated with aluminium chloride (10 mg Al3+/kg/day) for 10 days. The potential of aluminium to act as an etiological factor in Parkinson's disease (PD) was assessed by(More)
In view of the apparent controversial properties of (-)-nicotine (NIC) in relation to both oxidative stress and neuroprotection, we studied the effects of NIC on hydroxyl radical (*OH) formation, oxidative stress production by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) autoxidation in the presence and absence of ascorbate, and 6-OHDA neurotoxicity. Both NIC and(More)
6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) neurotoxicity has often been related to the generation of free radicals. Here we examined the effect of the presence of iron (Fe(2+) and Fe(3+)) and manganese and the mediation of ascorbate, L-cysteine (CySH), glutathione (GSH), and N-acetyl-CySH on hydroxyl radical (*OH) production during 6-OHDA autoxidation. In vitro, the(More)
The in vitro effects of cigarette smoke on catalase activity were investigated in biological preparations from rat liver and brain using a polarographic method. In both cases cigarette smoke solutions showed a potent ability to inhibit catalase activity with a slight time dependency. The reversibility of their inhibitory activity was demonstrated by in(More)
The results of several in vitro studies have shown that cysteine prodrugs, particularly N-acetylcysteine, are effective antioxidants that increase the survival of dopaminergic neurons. N-acetylcysteine can be systemically administered to deliver cysteine to the brain and is of potential use for providing neuroprotection in the treatment of Parkinson's(More)
Tetrahydropapaveroline (THP) is a compound derived from dopamine monoamine oxidase-mediated metabolism, particularly present in the brain of parkinsonian patients receiving L-dopa therapy, and is capable of causing dopaminergic neurodegeneration. The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential of THP to cause oxidative stress on mitochondrial(More)
6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is a dopaminergic neurotoxin putatively involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Its neurotoxicity has been related to the production of reactive oxygen species. In this study we examine the effects of the antioxidants ascorbic acid (AA), glutathione (GSH), cysteine (CySH), and N-acetyl-CySH (NAC) on the(More)