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BACKGROUND The Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) Task Force on Ergonomics conducted a subjective and objective assessment of ergonomic problems associated with laparoscopic instrument use. The goal was to assess the prevalence, causes, and consequences of operational difficulties associated with the use of laparoscopic(More)
Laparoscopic surgery provides patients with less painful surgery and a more rapid recovery, while requiring that surgeons work harder and in a more remote manner from the operating field. Cost-containment pressures on surgeons demand efficient surgery, whereas the increased technological complexity and sometimes poorly adapted equipment have led to(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to provide measurements of the elastic modulus of the aortic wall of ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms for different ranges of pressure (physiologic, hypertensive). In addition, pre-failure stress, taken as the peak stress obtained before specimen failure, was recorded for each test. METHODS Ninety-seven aortic(More)
BACKGROUND This study compares the mental and physical workload of laparoscopic and robotic technique while performing simulated surgical tasks in a laboratory setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten volunteer surgeons performed two tasks in a laparoscopic trainer using laparoscopic (LAP) and robotic (ROB) techniques. Outcome measures included: Task time,(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic surgery has not been widely established in developing countries due to the lack of access to training and lack of money. We describe our experience using on-site training programs to efficiently teach and propagate laparoscopic surgery in Leon, Nicaragua; La Paz, Bolivia; and Santa Cruz, Bolivia. METHODS A group of well-trained and(More)
We hypothesized that a laparoscopic technique for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is associated with more musculoskeletal discomfort and ergonomic strain than a robotic technique. This pilot project studied one surgeon while he performed four laparoscopic and four robotic (da Vinci system) Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedures. We measured musculoskeletal(More)
OBJECTIVE Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAA) are a life-threatening condition due to the risk of rupture or dissection. This risk is increased in the presence of a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). The purpose of this study was to provide data on the elastic modulus of aortic wall of ATAA using uniaxial tensile testing in two different areas of the(More)
BACKGROUND Different stress-strain definitions are used in the literature to measure the elastic modulus in aortic tissue. There is no agreement as to which stress-strain definition should be implemented. The purpose of this study is to show how different results are given by the various definitions of stress-strain used and to recommend a specific(More)
Turbulent pulsatile flow and wall mechanics were studied numerically in an axisymmetric three-layered wall model of a descending aorta. The transport equations were solved using the finite element formulation based on the Galerkin method of weighted residuals. A fully-coupled fluid-structure interaction (FSI) analysis was utilized in this investigation. We(More)
BACKGROUND The awkward visual and physical interface of video-endoscopic surgery (VES) has been shown to increase the physical workload of the surgeon, yet there is a lack of objective information on the mental effort and stress demanded by VES techniques. This study addresses the hypothesis that VES is more stressful than open surgery using an ergonomic(More)