Ramón Baldrich

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A good visibility of the road ahead is a major issue for safe nighttime driving. However, high beams are sparsely used because drivers are afraid of dazzling others. Thus, the intelligent automatic control of vehicles' headlight is of great relevance. It requires the detection of oncoming and preceding vehicles up to such a distance that only camera based(More)
The segmentation of a single material reflectance is a challenging problem due to the considerable variation in image measurements caused by the geometry of the object, shadows, and specularities. The combination of these effects has been modeled by the dichromatic reflection model. However, the application of the model to real-world images is limited due(More)
In this paper, computational methods are proposed to compute color edge saliency based on the information content of color edges. The computational methods are evaluated on bottom-up saliency in a psychophysical experiment, and on a more complex task of salient object detection in real-world images. The psychophysical experiment demonstrates the relevance(More)
In this paper we approach the problem of fast surface grading of flat pieces decorated with random patterns. The proposed method is based on the use of global statistics of color computed in the CIE Lab space. Two other fast methods based on color histograms [1] and Centile-LBP features [8] are introduced for comparison purposes. We used CIE Lab in order to(More)
The segmentation method proposed in this paper is based on the observation that a single physical reflectance can have many different image values. We call the set of all these values a dominant colour. These variations are caused by shadows, shading and highlights and due to varying object geometry. The main idea is that dominant colours trace connected(More)
One main process in Computer Vision is image segmenta-tion as a tool to other visual tasks. Although there are many approaches to grey scale image segmentation, nowadays most of the digital images are colour images. This paper introduces a new method for colour image segmentation. We focus our work on a topological study of colour distribution , e.g., image(More)
In this paper we present a sharpening operator for color images that is based on perceptual considerations about how human visual behaves for color scenes. Color contrast is an induction phenomenon of the visual system that varies the chromaticity of a color region depending on the color of its surround, provoking an enhanced perception of color scenes.(More)
Finding color representations that are stable to illuminant changes is still an open problem in computer vision. Until now, most approaches have been based on physical constraints or statistical assumptions derived from the scene, whereas very little attention has been paid to the effects that selected illuminants have on the final color image(More)
Automatic separation of text and symbols from graphics in document image is one of the fundamental aims in graphics recognition. In maps, separation of text and symbols from graphics involves many challenges because the text and symbols frequently touch/overlap with graphical components. Sometimes the colors in a single character are gradually distributed(More)