Ramón A Pizarro

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In the present work, interactions between three Lactobacillus strains (Lactobacillus fermentum CRL1015, Lactobacillus animalis CRL1014, and Lactobacillus fermentum CRL1016) and chicken small intestinal mucus were determined. Three lactobacilli isolated from chicken and selected by their potentially probiotic properties were able to grow in mucus(More)
Ultraviolet-A (365 nm, 120 kJ/m2/h) exposure caused cell death in Pseudomonas aeruginosa at doses at which Escherichia coli cell viability was not affected. We have not found that UVA induced growth delay or any other sublethal effect. Irradiated suspensions of P. aeruginosa showed a marked reduction in membrane-bound succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and(More)
The results reported herein indicate that the ultraviolet-A (UVA) radiation-induced effects in Escherichia coli depend on its growth phase. Stationary-phase cells recover faster from a sub-lethal UVA exposure and have a higher resistance to lethal effect of the radiation than exponential growing cells. Although pre-incubation in spent medium supernatant(More)
The presence of NaCl in plating media shows an important protection against the Pseudomonas aeruginosa UV-A-induced lethal effect, contrasting with the known sensitizing action of salts on UV-A-irradiated Escherichia coli cells. MgSO4 exhibits a similar protection, but lower concentrations than for NaCl are needed to achieve the same effect. NaCl protection(More)
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the occurrence of oxidative stress in the cladoceran Daphnia longispina exposed to UV-A and UV-B radiation. The activity of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation markers is investigated and the protective action of ascorbic acid determined. Results show differences in the lethality radioinduced by UV-A and(More)
The role of quorum sensing (QS) in the response of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to UVA radiation was investigated in the PAO1 strain and derivatives defective in the synthesis of the QS signals 3OC12-HSL (lasI strain), C4-HSL (rhlI strain) or both (lasI rhlI strain). Cell viability measurements demonstrated that the double mutant was significantly more sensitive(More)
We report the sublethal effects of ultraviolet A (UVA) on Enterobacter cloacae in comparison with those produced in Escherichia coli. UVA-induced sublethal effects were investigated in either bacterial membrane and at tRNA level. Limited dependence on oxygen concentration for photoinduced inhibition of biochemical membrane functions and low levels of(More)
The effect of sublethal fluences (50-200 kJ m-2) of UV-A radiation (320-400 nm) in bacterial cells is a transient growth inhibition related to photo-modified tRNA and is associated with changes in membrane structure and function. Higher UV-A fluences result in cell death due to the production of reactive oxygen species, so far undetected at sublethal doses.(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa has shown an increased sensitivity compared with that of Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacae, when they were exposed to 0.4 kJ/m2 of ultraviolet-B radiation. The rapid decay in cell viability observed in Pseudomonas aeruginosa after the irradiation was influenced by factors such as culture media and the presence of pyocyanine(More)