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Restraint stress was found to have a profound effect on the acute phase of Theiler's virus infection. Increased mortality rates were observed in restrained CBA mice infected with the BeAn strain of Theiler's virus. In addition, restrained mice developed higher CNS viral titers than infected/nonrestrained mice. Thymic atrophy was observed in both infected(More)
MK(+)801 (dizocilpine maleate) is a noncompetitive antagonist at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, the major glutamate receptor at excitatory synapses in the central nervous system. Since NMDA antagonists are neuroprotective, there is interest in their development for treatment of cerebral ischemia. Unfortunately, many of these compounds also induce(More)
Our laboratory has previously shown that restraint stress resulted in decreased Theiler's virus-induced CNS inflammation, while exacerbating illness behaviors during the acute phase of disease. In contrast, social disruption stress (SDR) applied prior to infection led to the development of glucocorticoid (GC) resistance, and these animals developed more(More)
Chronic restraint stress, administered during early infection with Theiler's virus, was found to exacerbate the acute central nervous system (CNS) viral infection and the subsequent demyelinating phase of disease (an animal model of Multiple Sclerosis (MS)) in SJL male and female mice. During early infection, stressed mice displayed decreased body weights(More)
Restraint stress (RS) applied to mice during acute infection with Theiler's virus causes corticosterone-induced immunosuppression. This effect was further investigated by measuring chemokine changes in the spleen and central nervous system (CNS) using an RNase Protection Assay. mRNAs for lymphotactin (Ltn), interferon-induced protein-10 (IP-10), MIP-1 beta,(More)
Chronic restraint stress, administered during early infection with Theiler's virus, was found to exacerbate the acute CNS viral infection in male and female mice. During the subsequent demyelinating phase of disease (a model of multiple sclerosis), the effect of stress on disease progression was sex-dependent. Previously stressed male mice had less severe(More)
The character and progression of ultrastructural lesions in the caudate nucleus and cerebellar cortex were studied in four Kerry Blue Terriers afflicted with a hereditary neurodegenerative disease. In the caudate nucleus, the initial lesion was mitochondrial hypertrophy in dendrites of intrinsic neurons. Degeneration of these neurons became widespread while(More)
Two, 8-month-old Rambouillet half-sister ewes with signs of visual loss and decreased mentation were examined. Ewe No. 1 was necropsied at 10 months of age, and after being held under observation for a further 6 months, ewe No. 2 was necropsied at 16 months of age. At that time, the ewe was blind and severely depressed. Both ewes had deposition of an(More)
Mx proteins are a group of interferon-induced GTPases whose expression has been demonstrated in a number of human viral infections and in some idiopathic inflammatory diseases. In this study, the expression of Mx protein was evaluated in known viral, nonviral, and idiopathic encephalitides in the dog via immunohistochemistry using an antibody against human(More)
A neonatal ataxia syndrome was observed in Coton de Tulear dogs. Seven affected pups (32%; 7/22) of both genders came from 5 different litters with phenotypically normal parents. Neurologic examination revealed normal mental status, head titubation, intention tremors, and severe gait, stance, and ocular ataxia beginning at 2 weeks of age. One of the pups(More)