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MK(+)801 (dizocilpine maleate) is a noncompetitive antagonist at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, the major glutamate receptor at excitatory synapses in the central nervous system. Since NMDA antagonists are neuroprotective, there is interest in their development for treatment of cerebral ischemia. Unfortunately, many of these compounds also induce(More)
Restraint stress was found to have a profound effect on the acute phase of Theiler's virus infection. Increased mortality rates were observed in restrained CBA mice infected with the BeAn strain of Theiler's virus. In addition, restrained mice developed higher CNS viral titers than infected/nonrestrained mice. Thymic atrophy was observed in both infected(More)
Avian bornavirus (ABV) is currently considered a probable etiologic agent of proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) of psittacines. We tested 24 stored avian brain samples, processed for histopathology and retained following their submission for necropsy or histopathology to the Schubot Exotic Bird Center diagnostic laboratory in 1992. Thirteen of these(More)
Our laboratory has previously shown that restraint stress resulted in decreased Theiler's virus-induced CNS inflammation, while exacerbating illness behaviors during the acute phase of disease. In contrast, social disruption stress (SDR) applied prior to infection led to the development of glucocorticoid (GC) resistance, and these animals developed more(More)
Two, 8-month-old Rambouillet half-sister ewes with signs of visual loss and decreased mentation were examined. Ewe No. 1 was necropsied at 10 months of age, and after being held under observation for a further 6 months, ewe No. 2 was necropsied at 16 months of age. At that time, the ewe was blind and severely depressed. Both ewes had deposition of an(More)
Chronic restraint stress, administered during early infection with Theiler's virus, was found to exacerbate the acute central nervous system (CNS) viral infection and the subsequent demyelinating phase of disease (an animal model of Multiple Sclerosis (MS)) in SJL male and female mice. During early infection, stressed mice displayed decreased body weights(More)
A granular cell tumor involving the pituitary gland, optic chiasm and ventral pyriform lobes was discovered in a 12-year-old Labrador Retriever. Clinical signs included acute blindness, seizures, ataxia, weakness, and behavioral changes. The diagnosis was established by histopathologic and ultrastructural examination of neoplastic tissues collected at(More)
Restraint stress (RS) applied to mice during acute infection with Theiler's virus causes corticosterone-induced immunosuppression. This effect was further investigated by measuring chemokine changes in the spleen and central nervous system (CNS) using an RNase Protection Assay. mRNAs for lymphotactin (Ltn), interferon-induced protein-10 (IP-10), MIP-1 beta,(More)