Ralph W Stevenson

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An inhibitor of human liver glycogen phosphorylase a (HLGPa) has been identified and characterized in vitro and in vivo. This substance, [R-(R*, S*)]-5-chloro-N-[3-(dimethylamino)-2-hydroxy-3-oxo-1-(phenylmethyl)pr opyl]-1H-indole-2-carboxamide (CP-91149), inhibited HLGPa with an IC50 of 0.13 microM in the presence of 7.5 mM glucose. CP-91149 resembles(More)
Human GLUT4 protein expression in muscle and adipose tissues of transgenic mice decreases plasma insulin and glucose levels and improves glucose tolerance compared with nontransgenic controls (Liu, M.-L., Gibbs, E. M., McCoid, S. C., Milici, A. J., Stukenbrok, H. A., McPherson, R. K., Treadway, J. L., and Pessin, J. E. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.(More)
We have previously shown that hemizygous transgenic mice expressing human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) in pancreatic beta-cells have no diabetic phenotype, whereas in the homozygous state, they developed severe, early-onset hyperglycemia associated with impaired insulin secretion and beta-cell death. We investigated the possibility that when the(More)
The effects of CP 68722 (racemic englitazone) were examined in ob/ob mice, in adipocytes and soleus muscles from ob/ob mice, and in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Administration of englitazone at 5-50 mg.kg-1.day-1 lowered plasma glucose and insulin dose dependently without producing frank hypoglycemia in either the diabetic or nondiabetic lean animals. The(More)
In vitro, truncated glucagon-like peptides [GLP-1(7-36)-amide and GLP-1(7-37)] increase insulin secretion in a glucose-dependent manner, and desensitization to the action of GLP-1(7-37) has been demonstrated acutely with high concentrations. The purpose of these studies was to evaluate the glucose dependency and threshold of GLP-1(7-37) action in normal(More)
The effects of increased GLUT4 (insulin-regulatable muscle/fat glucose transporter) expression on glucose homeostasis in a genetic model of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus were determined by expressing a human GLUT4 transgene (hGLUT4) in diabetic C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice. A genomic hGLUT4 construct was microinjected directly into pronuclear murine(More)
We examined the in vitro effects of CP 68722, a novel antidiabetic agent, in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. CP 68722 stimulated 2-deoxyglucose uptake in the absence of insulin. At least 30 min of incubation were required for stimulation of uptake. This effect increased over 5 h and was sustained up to 72 h. The stimulation of 2-deoxyglucose uptake by CP 68722 could be(More)
To assess the importance of the route of glucose delivery in determining net hepatic glucose balance (NHGB) eight conscious overnight-fasted dogs were given glucose via the portal or a peripheral vein. NHGB was measured using the arteriovenous difference technique during a control and two 90-min glucose infusion periods. The sequence of infusions was(More)
The effect of lactate per se on alanine and glucose metabolism was studied in five overnight-fasted conscious dogs. Somatostatin was infused to inhibit endogenous pancreatic insulin and glucagon release and the hormones were replaced intraportally at basal rates. Saline (n = 5) or lactate (at 25 and 50 mumol.kg-1.min-1 for 90 minutes each) was infused, and(More)
Amylin and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) inhibited insulin-stimulated 2-deoxyglucose uptake in L6 myocytes and isolated soleus muscle. Both peptides were maximally active at 10 pM in L6 cells and inhibited insulin action by 40-50%. In soleus muscle amylin and CGRP inhibited insulin-stimulated uptake by 65-85%. Amylin competed with 125I-CGRP for(More)