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The roles of thermal and hydric stress in habitat selection by two species of short-horned grasshoppers was investigated through field and laboratory studies and computer simulation experiments. Psoloessa delicatula was found to possess an elaborate repertoire of thermoregulatory postures and shade seeking behavior. This grasshopper was found in habitats in(More)
A new, monotypic genus and species in the subfamily Mesorhabditinae is described and illustrated. The primary character which separates the species and genus from all others in the Rhabditidae is a lip region with six set-off and well-separated liplets of two alternating shapes. Other diagnostic characters are transverse and fine longitudinal body(More)
OBJECTIVE New techniques for minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting have recently emerged. The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of Port-Access (Heartport, Inc., Redwood City, Calif.) coronary revascularization and to evaluate with angiography the early graft patency rate with this new approach. METHODS From(More)
The optimum temperatures for population development were determined for six species of bacterial-feeding nematodes from among eight temperatures, ranging from 5 to 40 C. Four of the species are cohabiting species. The range of temperatures over which population development occurs (temperature niche breadth) is different for the cohabiting species. This(More)
Flows of biomass and respiratory carbon were studied in a series of propylene-oxide sterilized soil microcosms. One-half of the microcosms received three pulsed additions of 200 ppm glucose-carbon to mimic rhizosphere carbon inputs. Biotic variables were: bacteria (Pseudomonas) alone, or amoebae (Acanthamoeba) and nematodes (Mesodiplogaster) singly, or both(More)
Bacteria (Pseudomonas), amoebae (Acanthamoeba), and nematodes (Mesodiplogaster) were raised in soil microcosms with and without glucose additions. Nematode and amoebal grazing on bacteria significantly reduced bacterial populations by the end of a 24-day incubation period. Amoebal numbers decreased in the presence of nematodes with a corresponding increase(More)
Described and illustrated for the first time is a bisexual aphelenchoidid ectoparasitic nematode found on a noctuid male moth in Guadeloupe, West Indies. Sexes are polymorphic, having in common an elongated stylet of 53-69 mum with well-developed basal knobs and double set of protractors, excretory pore near head end, multiple rows of germ cells, and a(More)
Nitrogen content is an important factor controlling decomposition of resistant substrates. We examined the decomposition of purified cellulose in the presence of a structurally similar, resistant organic N compound, chitin. Carbon-14-labelled cellulose was added to sterile ari-dried sandy loam soil in flasks, half of which were also amended with purified(More)