Ralph Reid

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To exploit the huge potential of whole-genome sequence information, the ability to efficiently synthesize long, accurate DNA sequences is becoming increasingly important. An approach proposed toward this end involves the synthesis of approximately 5-kb segments of DNA, followed by their assembly into longer sequences by conventional cloning methods [Smith,(More)
Chalcomycin, a 16-membered macrolide antibiotic made by the bacterium Streptomyces bikiniensis, contains a 2,3-trans double bond and the neutral sugar D-chalcose in place of the amino sugar mycaminose found in most other 16-membered macrolides. Degenerate polyketide synthase (PKS)-specific primers were used to amplify DNA fragments from S. bikiniensis with(More)
A user-friendly, advanced software package for gene design is described. The software comprises an integrated suite of programs-also provided as stand-alone tools-that automatically performs the following tasks in gene design: restriction site prediction, codon optimization for any expression host, restriction site inclusion and exclusion, separation of(More)
Virtually all microorganisms require iron for growth. The paucity of iron in surface ocean water (approximately 0.02-1.0 nM (refs 1, 2)) has spurred a lively debate concerning iron limitation of primary productivity, yet little is known about the molecular mechanisms used by marine microorganisms to sequester iron. Terrestrial bacteria use a(More)
We propose a role for GTP hydrolysis in microtubule assembly in which the GTPase reaction serves to stabilize tubulin subunits in the microtubule. The GTPase reaction in tubulin subunits containing GTP at microtubule ends is presumed to occur predominately in subunits at one of the interfaces between a cap of GTP-containing tubulin subunit and a core of(More)
We have extended our previous theoretical analysis of the kinetics for radioactive GTP incorporation into steady-state microtubules [Zeeberg, B., Reid, R., & Caplow, M. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 9891-9899] to include the effects of a kinetic barrier for equilibration of labeled GTP with the tubulin E site. This binding has been found to be relatively slow;(More)
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