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We analyzed expression of 81 normal muscle samples from humans of varying ages, and have identified a molecular profile for aging consisting of 250 age-regulated genes. This molecular profile correlates not only with chronological age but also with a measure of physiological age. We compared the transcriptional profile of muscle aging to previous(More)
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is associated with resistance to the growth-promoting and anabolic actions of growth hormone (GH). In rats with CRF induced by partial renal ablation, 7 days of GH treatment had a diminished effect on weight gain and hepatic IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 mRNA levels, compared with sham-operated pair-fed controls. To assess whether GH(More)
When added to cultured opossum kidney cells, IGF-I is internalized and transported to distinct intracellular compartments that depend on the cell location within the monolayer. In resting cells away from the periphery of the monolayer, IGF-I is internalized by a clathrin coated pit pathway and delivered to the endosomal compartment. In contrast, cells(More)
Adequate nutrient intake in acute uremia is a key part of patient management especially as food utilization is usually impaired. Leucine is important as it comprises about one-fifth of essential amino acid needs and, apart from serving as a substrate, it directly activates the mTOR signaling pathway stimulating protein synthesis and inhibiting autophagy.(More)
The branched-chain amino acid leucine stimulates muscle protein synthesis in part by directly activating the mTOR signaling pathway. Furthermore, leucine, if given in conjunction with resistance exercise, enhances the exercise-induced mTOR signaling and protein synthesis. Here we tested whether leucine can activate the mTOR anabolic signaling pathway in(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (GH) is the standard therapy for short stature in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, concerns have been raised on the potential renal fibrogenic effects of GH. There is no information regarding the renal GH receptor (GHR)-JAK-STAT signaling pathway in CKD. METHODS Subtotal(More)
Linear growth retardation in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been ascribed to insensitivity to growth hormone. This resistance state has been attributed to impaired growth hormone signaling through the JAK2/STAT5 pathway in liver and skeletal muscle leading to reduced insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Here we determine whether systemic(More)
In acute tubular necrosis, there are early transient increases in circulating and local bioactive hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) levels and renal HGF receptor (c-MET) gene expression. It has therefore been suggested that endogenous HGF may play a role in initiating renal repair. To test this hypothesis, changes in the levels, activity, and anatomic(More)
Growth hormone (GH) is required to maintain normal cardiac structure and function and has a positive effect on cardiac remodeling in experimental and possibly human disease. Cardiac resistance to GH develops in the uremic state, perhaps predisposing to the characteristic cardiomyopathy associated with uremia. It was hypothesized that administration of(More)