Learn More
We analyzed expression of 81 normal muscle samples from humans of varying ages, and have identified a molecular profile for aging consisting of 250 age-regulated genes. This molecular profile correlates not only with chronological age but also with a measure of physiological age. We compared the transcriptional profile of muscle aging to previous(More)
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is associated with resistance to the growth-promoting and anabolic actions of growth hormone (GH). In rats with CRF induced by partial renal ablation, 7 days of GH treatment had a diminished effect on weight gain and hepatic IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 mRNA levels, compared with sham-operated pair-fed controls. To assess whether GH(More)
When added to cultured opossum kidney cells, IGF-I is internalized and transported to distinct intracellular compartments that depend on the cell location within the monolayer. In resting cells away from the periphery of the monolayer, IGF-I is internalized by a clathrin coated pit pathway and delivered to the endosomal compartment. In contrast, cells(More)
Filtered proteins including insulin are absorbed in the proximal tubule by means of pinocytosis. The first step in this process is binding of the protein to brush border membrane. As it is not known whether absorption exhibits specificity, we set out to determine whether specific binding sites for insulin are present in brush border membranes.(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (GH) is the standard therapy for short stature in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, concerns have been raised on the potential renal fibrogenic effects of GH. There is no information regarding the renal GH receptor (GHR)-JAK-STAT signaling pathway in CKD. METHODS Subtotal(More)
Adequate nutrient intake in acute uremia is a key part of patient management especially as food utilization is usually impaired. Leucine is important as it comprises about one-fifth of essential amino acid needs and, apart from serving as a substrate, it directly activates the mTOR signaling pathway stimulating protein synthesis and inhibiting autophagy.(More)
The branched-chain amino acid leucine stimulates muscle protein synthesis in part by directly activating the mTOR signaling pathway. Furthermore, leucine, if given in conjunction with resistance exercise, enhances the exercise-induced mTOR signaling and protein synthesis. Here we tested whether leucine can activate the mTOR anabolic signaling pathway in(More)
Proximal renal tubules are a key site of insulin metabolism. To explore the kinetics and metabolic requirements of insulin internalization and catabolism, we used the opossum kidney cell line, which has proximal tubular-like features and possesses insulin-specific receptors. Internalization was determined by separating membrane-bound insulin from(More)
Linear growth retardation in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been ascribed to insensitivity to growth hormone. This resistance state has been attributed to impaired growth hormone signaling through the JAK2/STAT5 pathway in liver and skeletal muscle leading to reduced insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Here we determine whether systemic(More)