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The regulation of plasmin generation on cell surfaces is of critical importance in the control of vascular homeostasis. Cell-derived microparticles participate in the dissemination of biological activities. However, their capacity to promote plasmin generation has not been documented. In this study, we show that endothelial microparticles (EMPs) from tumor(More)
Thrombospondin (TSP), an adhesive glycoprotein found in platelets and extracellular matrix, has been shown previously to interact with plasminogen and tissue plasminogen activator, resulting in efficient plasmin generation. We now demonstrate specific complex formation of TSP with both the single-chain and two-chain forms of urokinase (scuPA and uPA).(More)
We are studying the biosynthesis and processing of acid hydrolases from Dictyostelium discoideum. We prepared antibody to highly purified alpha-mannosidase from the spent medium of stationary phase cultures. It precipitated alpha-mannosidase but not beta-hexosaminidase, alpha-glucosidase, beta-glucosidase, or any of the major proteins in cell lysates or(More)
A single-chain 55,000-mol wt form of urokinase (UK), similar to that previously isolated from urine, was purified from a transformed kidney cell culture medium and characterized; and its fibrinolytic properties were evaluated. The preparation immunoprecipitated with UK antiserum, had a low intrinsic amidolytic activity that was 0.1% of its active(More)
Single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator or pro-urokinase is a zymogen with an intrinsic catalytic activity which is greater than that of most other zymogens. To study the structural basis for this activity, a three-dimensional homology model was calculated using the crystallographic structure of chymotrypsinogen, and the structure-function(More)
Numerous factors must be considered when determining the formulary status of thrombolytic agents for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Defined treatment options, predicted outcomes, and the economic consequences of this disorder continue to evolve from clinical trials. Pharmacists have a major role in delivering patient care, with responsibility(More)
Endothelial cells (ECs) in culture synthesize and secrete urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA), but the normal vascular endothelium is believed to synthesize only tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), which is thought to be responsible for intravascular fibrinolysis. More recently, animal studies have shown that the biological role of u-PA in(More)
Single-chain urokinase (SC-UK) has an intrinsic amidolytic activity, as measured with synthetic substrate (Kabi S-2444; pyro-Glu-Gly-Arg-pNitroanalide), which was found to be 0.1% to 0.2% that of its plasmin-activated derivative, two-chain UK (TC-UK). A study of the reaction of SC-UK with plasminogen is complicated by the effect of the reaction product,(More)
Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and/or pro-urokinase (pro-UK) induced lysis of standard 125I-fibrin clots suspended in plasma was studied. Doses were kept below the concentration at which a nonspecific effect was seen, i.e., where fibrinogenolysis and major plasminogen consumption were observed. Small amounts of t-PA potentiated clot lysis by pro-UK by(More)
Highly purified pro-urokinase (pro-UK) or single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scu-PA) was treated with diisopropylfluorophosphate (1 mmol/L) to eliminate traces of two-chain UK activity. This preparation was found to retain a low activity against a chromogenic substrate (S2444), equivalent to 0.1% to 0.5% of the activity of its(More)