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The regulation of plasmin generation on cell surfaces is of critical importance in the control of vascular homeostasis. Cell-derived microparticles participate in the dissemination of biological activities. However, their capacity to promote plasmin generation has not been documented. In this study, we show that endothelial microparticles (EMPs) from tumor(More)
We are studying the biosynthesis and processing of acid hydrolases from Dictyostelium discoideum. We prepared antibody to highly purified alpha-mannosidase from the spent medium of stationary phase cultures. It precipitated alpha-mannosidase but not beta-hexosaminidase, alpha-glucosidase, beta-glucosidase, or any of the major proteins in cell lysates or(More)
The dye Cibacron Blue F-3-GA was conjugated to Sepharose to provide an affinity column for serum albumin. Passage of whole human plasma through a column of Cibacron Blue-Sepharose results in the removal of approx. 98% of the albumin. The latter can be quantitatively recovered by desorption with NaSCN. Albumin-depleted plasma can be readily resolved into(More)
Thrombospondin (TSP), an adhesive glycoprotein found in platelets and extracellular matrix, has been shown previously to interact with plasminogen and tissue plasminogen activator, resulting in efficient plasmin generation. We now demonstrate specific complex formation of TSP with both the single-chain and two-chain forms of urokinase (scuPA and uPA).(More)
When single-chain pro-UK is activated by plasmin or kallikrein, the Lys158-Ile159 bond is cleaved, leaving a C-terminal lysine on the A-chain (Lys-UK). Two-chain, high molecular weight urokinase (UK) purified from urine, however, has been shown to contain a phenylalanine residue as the C-terminal of the A-chain (Phe-UK). Since C-terminal lysine residues(More)
A single-chain 55,000-mol wt form of urokinase (UK), similar to that previously isolated from urine, was purified from a transformed kidney cell culture medium and characterized; and its fibrinolytic properties were evaluated. The preparation immunoprecipitated with UK antiserum, had a low intrinsic amidolytic activity that was 0.1% of its active(More)
Numerous factors must be considered when determining the formulary status of thrombolytic agents for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Defined treatment options, predicted outcomes, and the economic consequences of this disorder continue to evolve from clinical trials. Pharmacists have a major role in delivering patient care, with responsibility(More)
Single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator or pro-urokinase is a zymogen with an intrinsic catalytic activity which is greater than that of most other zymogens. To study the structural basis for this activity, a three-dimensional homology model was calculated using the crystallographic structure of chymotrypsinogen, and the structure-function(More)