Ralph Lohner

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Severe sepsis and septic shock are often accompanied by acute cardiovascular depression. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) signaling via Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) can induce septic organ dysfunction. The aim of this study was to elucidate the in vivo impact of pharmacological TLR4 antagonism on LPS-induced cardiovascular depression using eritoran tetrasodium(More)
BACKGROUND Aim was to elucidate the role of toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) in cardiac inflammation and septic heart failure in a murine model of polymicrobial sepsis. METHODS Sepsis was induced via colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP) in C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and TLR9-deficient (TLR9-D) mice. Bacterial load in the peritoneal cavity and cardiac(More)
AIMS Inflammation and Toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling have been linked to the development of cardiac hypertrophy following transverse aortic constriction (TAC). In the present study, we investigated whether pre-treatment with the synthetic TLR9 ligands 1668-thioate or 1612-thioate modulates the progression of TAC-induced cardiac inflammation and(More)
AIMS Aim was to elucidate the specific role of pattern recognition receptors in vascular dysfunction during polymicrobial sepsis (colon ascendens stent peritonitis, CASP). METHODS AND RESULTS Vascular contractility of C57BL/6 (wildtype) mice and mice deficient for Toll-like receptor 2/4/9 (TLR2-D, TLR4-D, TLR9-D) or CD14 (CD14-D) was measured 18 h(More)
Bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus induce myocardial dysfunction in vivo. To rectify conflicting evidence about the role of TLR2 signaling and cardiac dysfunction, we hypothesized that the specific TLR2 agonist purified lipoteichoic acid (LTA) from S. aureus contributes to cardiac dysfunction in vitro and in vivo. Wildtype (WT-) and TLR2-deficient(More)
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