Ralph J. Garippa

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The use of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in cell therapy is hindered by the tumorigenic risk from residual undifferentiated cells. Here we performed a high-throughput screen of over 52,000 small molecules and identified 15 pluripotent cell-specific inhibitors (PluriSIns), nine of which share a common structural moiety. The PluriSIns selectively(More)
Ro 25-1553, a cyclic peptide analog of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), was designed to overcome many of the deficiencies inherent in this natural neuropeptide. On isolated guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle, Ro 25-1553 produces concentration-dependent relaxation of contractile responses to a number of different spasmogens. Depending on the contractile(More)
This report explores the potential side-chain functional groups required for interaction of the bronchodilator neuropeptide, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), with its receptor. The binding affinity and biological activity of native VIP have been found to be sensitive to the removal of amino- and carboxyl-terminal residues. This data suggests that(More)
To characterize the trafficking motifs contained in the carboxyl terminus of GLUT4, a chimera (GTCTR) was constructed in which the carboxyl-terminal 30 amino acids of GLUT4 were substituted for the amino-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the transferrin receptor (TR). The endocytic behavior of this chimera was characterized in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The(More)
Analogs of vasoactive intestinal peptide with cysteine residues incorporated at selected sites within the sequence were prepared by solid phase methods, oxidized to the corresponding cyclic disulfides and purified to homogeneity by preparative HPLC. The cyclic compounds were assayed as smooth muscle relaxants on isolated guinea pig trachea, as(More)
Studies were conducted to compare the effect of native vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), Ro 25-1553 (a cyclic peptide analog of VIP) and salbutamol (a beta2-adrenoceptor agonist) on antigen-induced pathophysiological effects in the guinea pig. Ro 25-1553 and salbutamol (0.01-1.0 microM) prevented antigen-induced contractions of the guinea pig trachea in(More)
Several commercially available pharmaceutical compounds have been shown to block the IKr current of the cardiac action potential. This effect can cause a prolongation of the electrocardiogram QT interval and a delay in ventricular repolarization. The Food and Drug Administration recommends that all new potential drug candidates be assessed for IKr block to(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the amino-terminal cytoplasmic domain of GLUT4 contains a phenylalanine-based targeting motif that determines its steady state distribution between the surface and the interior of cells (Piper, R. C., C. Tai, P. Kuleza, S. Pang, D. Warnock, J. Baenziger, J. W. Slot, H. J. Geuze, C. Puri, and D. E. James. 1993. J. Cell(More)
Atriopeptins are circulating peptide hormones which are secreted by atrial tissue and act at the kidney. Because the atriopeptins survive passage through the pulmonary circulation, they also may be involved in the modulation of airway or pulmonary vascular smooth muscle tone. Using in vitro organ bath techniques, atriopeptins were found to induce potent(More)