Ralph J Garippa

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Several commercially available pharmaceutical compounds have been shown to block the IKr current of the cardiac action potential. This effect can cause a prolongation of the electrocardiogram QT interval and a delay in ventricular repolarization. The Food and Drug Administration recommends that all new potential drug candidates be assessed for IKr block to(More)
To characterize the trafficking motifs contained in the carboxyl terminus of GLUT4, a chimera (GTCTR) was constructed in which the carboxyl-terminal 30 amino acids of GLUT4 were substituted for the amino-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the transferrin receptor (TR). The endocytic behavior of this chimera was characterized in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The(More)
The use of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in cell therapy is hindered by the tumorigenic risk from residual undifferentiated cells. Here we performed a high-throughput screen of over 52,000 small molecules and identified 15 pluripotent cell-specific inhibitors (PluriSIns), nine of which share a common structural moiety. The PluriSIns selectively(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the amino-terminal cytoplasmic domain of GLUT4 contains a phenylalanine-based targeting motif that determines its steady state distribution between the surface and the interior of cells (Piper, R. C., C. Tai, P. Kuleza, S. Pang, D. Warnock, J. Baenziger, J. W. Slot, H. J. Geuze, C. Puri, and D. E. James. 1993. J. Cell(More)
Ro 25-1553, a cyclic peptide analog of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), was designed to overcome many of the deficiencies inherent in this natural neuropeptide. On isolated guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle, Ro 25-1553 produces concentration-dependent relaxation of contractile responses to a number of different spasmogens. Depending on the contractile(More)
It is early to fully reflect on the state of the art in high content screening (HCS), because it is still a relatively new approach in drug discovery. Although the development of the first microscopes are a century old and the first confocal microscope is only 20 yr old, the fluorescent probes used within HCS along with the combination of robotic automation(More)
Studies were conducted to compare the effect of native vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), Ro 25-1553 (a cyclic peptide analog of VIP) and salbutamol (a beta2-adrenoceptor agonist) on antigen-induced pathophysiological effects in the guinea pig. Ro 25-1553 and salbutamol (0.01-1.0 microM) prevented antigen-induced contractions of the guinea pig trachea in(More)
The SDYQRL motif of the cytoplasmic domain of TGN38 is involved in targeting TGN38 from endosomes to the TGN. To create a system for studying this pathway, we replaced the native transferrin receptor (TR) internalization motif (YTRF) with the SDYQRL TGN-targeting motif. The advantages of using TR as a reporter molecule include the ability to monitor(More)
Ligand-activated G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are known to regulate a myriad of homeostatic functions. Inappropriate signaling is associated with several pathophysiological states. GPCRs belong to a approximately 800 member superfamily of seven transmembrane-spanning receptor proteins that respond to a diversity of ligands. As such, they present(More)
Atriopeptins are circulating peptide hormones which are secreted by atrial tissue and act at the kidney. Because the atriopeptins survive passage through the pulmonary circulation, they also may be involved in the modulation of airway or pulmonary vascular smooth muscle tone. Using in vitro organ bath techniques, atriopeptins were found to induce potent(More)