Ralph J. Abi-Habib

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Anthrax lethal toxin, composed of protective antigen and lethal factor, was tested for cytotoxicity to human melanoma cell lines and normal human cells. Eleven of 18 melanoma cell lines were sensitive to anthrax lethal toxin (IC(50) < 400 pmol/L) and 10 of these 11 sensitive cell lines carried the V599E BRAF mutation. Most normal cell types (10 of 15) were(More)
PURPOSE Anthrax Lethal Toxin (LeTx), composed of protective antigen and lethal factor, catalytically cleaves mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinases and inhibits the MAPK signaling pathways. The majority of metastatic melanomas possess the V599E BRAF mutation, which constitutively activates MAPK1/2 signaling. LeTx is cytotoxic to BRAF mutant(More)
Novel agents to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are needed with increased efficacy and specificity. We have synthesized a dual-specificity fusion toxin DTU2GMCSF composed of the catalytic and translocation domains of diphtheria toxin (DT) fused to the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in which the DT furin cleavage site(More)
In this study, we attempt to target both the urokinase plasminogen activator and the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines and primary AML blasts using PrAgU2/LF, a urokinase-activated anthrax lethal toxin. PrAgU2/LF was cytotoxic to five out of nine AML cell lines. Cytotoxicity of PrAgU2/LF appeared to be(More)
In this study, we attempt to target Arginine auxotrophy in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells using a pegylated recombinant human Arginase I cobalt [HuArgI (Co)-PEG5000]. We tested and characterized the activity of HuArgI (Co)-PEG5000 on a panel of 9 GBM cell lines and on human fetal glial cells (SVG-p12). HuArgI (Co)-PEG5000 was cytotoxic to all GBM cells(More)
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