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Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) hypothesis testing based on the blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) contrast mechanism typically involves a search for a positive effect during a specific task relative to a control state. However, aside from positive BOLD signal changes there is converging evidence that neuronal responses within various(More)
Recent research indicates that areas of the primary somatosensory (SI) and primary motor cortex show massive cortical reorganization after amputation of the upper arm, forearm or fingers. Most of these studies were carried out months or several years after amputation. In the present study, we describe cortical reorganization of areas in the SI of a patient(More)
Following stroke, many patients suffer from chronic motor impairment and reduced somatosensation in the stroke-affected body parts. Recent experimental studies suggest that temporary functional deafferentation (TFD) of parts of the stroke-affected upper limb or of the less-affected contralateral limb might improve the sensorimotor capacity of the(More)
Biological research about dyslexia has been conducted using various neuroimaging methods like functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) or Electroencephalography (EEG). Since language functions are characterized by both distributed network activities and speed of processing within milliseconds, high temporal as well as high spatial resolution of(More)
Cortical reorganization occurs within the primary somatosensory and the primary motor cortex after amputation of the arm or forearm. Here we report on a patient showing cortical reorganization after amputation of his right index finger. Our findings indicate that the neural networks within the area of the amputated finger in the somatosensory cortex (SI)(More)
The advent of methods to investigate network dynamics has led to discussion of whether somatosensory inputs are processed in serial or in parallel. Both hypotheses are supported by DCM analyses of fMRI studies. In the present study, we revisited this controversy using DCM on magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data during somatosensory stimulation. Bayesian model(More)
Electrophysiological studies in gliomas have demonstrated action potentials in neoplastic cells. These "spiking tumor cells" are, however, an enigma. In attempt to find evidences for spikes within tumoral borders, 21 patients with different intracerebral tumors were preoperatively screened for the occurrence of epileptogenic discharges using multichannel(More)
While the relationship between sensory stimulation and tasks and the size of the cortical activations is generally unknown, the visual modality offers a unique possibility of an experimental manipulation of stimulus size-related increases of the spatial extent of cortical activation even during the earliest activity in the retinotopically organized primary(More)
Biomagnetic investigations in basic physiological research using animals require measurement devices different from commercial biomagnetometers used in human investigations. Two major problems have to be tackled in the design of such biomagnetometers. First, the spatial sampling needs to be much higher. Second, the distance between pick-up coils and the(More)
Functional and structural changes in 10 DSM-III-R male schizophrenics and 10 healthy volunteers were investigated using magnetoencephalographically (MEG) detected long-latency (N100 m) auditory evoked fields (AEFs) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The AEFs were characterized by single moving equivalent dipoles, which were superimposed on MRIs. There(More)