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We describe our recent progress aimed at computer analysis of mammograms. The overall aim is to provide the clinician with reliable quantitative information. We summarise a representation we have developed of the 'interesting' (non-adipose) tissue in a breast, then put the representation to work in three ways: (i) to propose a new quantitative measure to(More)
Limitations of area based measures of breast density have led several research groups to develop volumetric measures of breast density, for use in predicting risk and in epidemiological research. In this paper, we describe our initial experiences using an automated algorithm (standard mammogram form, SMF) to estimate the volume of the breast that is dense(More)
To estimate radiation dose during mammography the breast thickness must be known. We present a new method for estimating the thickness of a compressed breast using only the breast image as projected onto a mammogram, calibration data such as the mAs value and image processing techniques. The method proves to be of high accuracy (+/- 0.2 cm for craniocaudal(More)
BACKGROUND Mammographic density is one of the strongest risk factors for breast cancer. It is commonly measured by an interactive threshold method that does not fully use information contained in a mammogram. An alternative fully automated standard mammogram form (SMF) method measures density using a volumetric approach. METHODS We examined between-breast(More)
Breast cancer incidence differs by ethnicity in New Zealand (NZ) with Māori (the indigenous people) women having the highest rates followed by Pakeha (people primarily of British/European descent), Pacific and Asian women, who experience the lowest rates. The reasons for these differences are unclear. Breast density, an important risk factor for breast(More)
A CAD system for estimating the 3D (three-dimensional) positions of lesions found in two mammographic views is described. The system is an extension of our previous method [Comput. Vis. Image Understand. 83 (2001) 38] which finds corresponding 2D positions in different mammographic views. The method calculates curved epipolar lines by developing a(More)
This paper describes the prototype for a Europe-wide distributed database of mammograms entitled MammoGrid, which was developed as part of an EU-funded project. The MammoGrid database appears to the user to be a single database, but the mammograms that comprise it are in fact retained and curated in the centres that generated them. Linked to each image is a(More)
OBJECTIVES Mammographic density is a useful biomarker of breast cancer risk. Computer-based methods can provide continuous data suitable for analysis. This study aimed to compare a semi-automated computer-assisted method (Cumulus) and a fully automated volumetric computer method (standard mammogram form (SMF)) for assessing mammographic density using data(More)