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The extracellular fluid of the plant pathogen, Fusarium solani f. pisi, grown on the plant cuticular polymer, cutin, was shown to contain cutinase and p-nitrophenyl palmitate hydrolase activities (R.E. Purdy and P.E. Kolattukudy (1973), Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 159, 61). From this extracellular fluid two isozymes of cutinase and a nonspecific esterase(More)
The possibility of changes in the adrenergic innervation of blood vessels in experimental hypertension was investigated by measuring arterial norepinephrine content, neuronal uptake of norepinephrine, and the neurogenic contractile response in rabbits made hypertensive by partial constriction of the abdominal aorta proximal to the kidneys. Two to 3 weeks(More)
Simulated microgravity depresses the ability of arteries to constrict to norepinephrine (NE). In the present study the role of nitric oxide-dependent mechanisms on the vascular hyporesponsiveness to NE was investigated in peripheral arteries of the rat after 20 days of hindlimb unweighting (HU). Blood vessels from control rats and rats subjected to HU (HU(More)
Microgravity was simulated in Sprague-Dawley (SD) and Wistar (W) rats by using a tail harness to elevate the hindquarters, producing hindlimb unweighting (HU). After 20 days of HU treatment, blood vessels from both HU and control rats were cut into 3-mm rings and mounted in tissue baths for the measurement of isometric contraction. HU treatment decreased(More)
Prolonged exposure to microgravity during spaceflight or extended bed rest results in cardiovascular deconditioning, marked by orthostatic intolerance and hyporesponsiveness to vasopressors. Earlier studies primarily explored fluid and electrolyte balance and baroreceptor and vasopressor systems in search of a possible mechanism. Given the potent(More)
The direct effects of aldosterone and other mineralocorticoids on vascular smooth muscle were evaluated in isolated rabbit ear artery and aorta preparations. In the ear artery, aldosterone alone produced only a minimal effect. However, if desipramine, a blocker of neuronal norepinephrine uptake, was first placed in the tissue bath, aldosterone (10~*, 10",(More)
Vessel dimensions and characteristic responses to norepinephrine were measured in various arteries and veins of the rabbit made hypertensive by partial constriction of the upper abdominal aorta. The ear, radial, and basilar arteries taken from the circulation proximal to the ligature (the hypertensive arteries) were thickened in proportion to the rise is(More)
Isolated rings of rabbit ear artery or thoracic aorta were prepared for the measurement of isometric contraction. Treatment of ear artery with 1 X 10(-4)M aldosterone had no effect. However, in ear artery pretreated with 1 X 10(-7)M desipramine to block the catecholamine neuronal uptake process, 1 X 10(-6), 1 X 10(-5) and 1 X 10(-4)M aldosterone elicited(More)