Ralph D Richardson

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BACKGROUND Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) and related syndromes are common in medical care and the general population, are associated with extensive morbidity, and have a large impact on functioning. Much of medical practice emphasizes specific pharmacological and surgical intervention for discrete disease states. Medical science, with its(More)
BACKGROUND Neurocognitive sequelae are among the most debilitating late effects experienced by survivors of childhood cancer, with far reaching consequences for educational, social, and adaptive development. Empirically validated interventions to address such disease and treatment related psychosocial morbidities are needed. PROCEDURE We conducted a pilot(More)
CONTEXT Gulf War veterans' illnesses (GWVI), multisymptom illnesses characterized by persistent pain, fatigue, and cognitive symptoms, have been reported by many Gulf War veterans. There are currently no effective therapies available to treat GWVI. OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), exercise, and the combination(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared Gulf War veterans seeking VA primary care with Gulf War veterans seeking treatment from a Department of Defense primary care clinic on measures of physical symptoms, psychiatric complaints, and functional status. Additionally, the association between employment status and health was examined. METHODS Analysis was based on the(More)
Intraventricular corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) suppresses food intake and body weight as a stress response. Insulin, acting within the brain, also suppresses food intake and body weight, and this suppression is related to caloric homeostasis. We determined if increased insulin within the brain potentiates the anorexic effects of intraventricular(More)
This investigation describes the illness beliefs of veterans regarding their Gulf War-related health concerns and investigates the relationship of these illness beliefs to physical and mental health functioning. Gulf War veterans (N = 583) presenting for evaluation at a Veteran's Affairs and Department of Defense facility completed self-report measures of(More)
BACKGROUND Several clinical syndromes are defined solely on the basis of symptoms, absent an identifiable medical etiology. When evaluating and treating individuals with these syndromes, clinicians' beliefs might shape decisions regarding referral, diagnostic testing, and treatment. To assess clinician beliefs about the etiology and treatment of "Gulf War(More)
Measures of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression were used to predict Veterans Affairs outpatient treatment costs among Persian Gulf War veterans with medically unexplained physical symptoms. Patients (N = 206) enrolled in a Veterans Affairs primary care clinic for Persian Gulf War veterans completed study assessments at the initial(More)
Veterans of the Persian Gulf War have increased rates of medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). This article describes a model for the clinical management of MUPS in Gulf War veterans. Predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors contribute to the emergence and clinical course of MUPS. Predisposing factors include biologically and(More)