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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, the most abundant of the neurotrophins in the brain, enhances the growth and maintenance of several neuronal systems, serves as a neurotransmitter modulator, and participates in use-dependent plasticity mechanisms such as long-term potentiation and learning. In recent years, evidence has been gathering that brain-derived(More)
BACKGROUND Standard treatment for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC) is nephroureterectomy. Subsequently, around 40% of patients will develop a bladder tumour potentially because of implantation from the primary tumour. OBJECTIVE To prevent bladder tumour after nephroureterectomy with a single postoperative dose of intravesical mitomycin C(More)
Physical activity and antidepressant treatment have each separately been of significant interest for the management of Alzheimer's disease (AD); particularly the behavioral problems associated with this dementing disorder. We have found that combined antidepressant treatment and physical activity have an additive, potentiating effect on BDNF mRNA expression(More)
BACKGROUND The role of further hormone therapy in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) remains unclear. We performed a multi-centre randomised phase III study comparing the use of Dexamethasone, Aspirin, and immediate addition of Diethylstilbestrol (DAiS) vs Dexamethasone, Aspirin, and deferred (until disease progression) addition of(More)
Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) regulates the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, which are important mediators in asthma. The possible association of COX-1 gene polymorphisms with asthma has not been investigated. The allele frequencies of 20 COX-1 polymorphisms were determined in a random Australian Caucasian population using MassARRAY technology. Informative and(More)
BACKGROUND Airway inflammation in asthma is associated with cysteinyl leukotriene and prostaglandin D(2) production. Measurement of urinary metabolites of these eicosanoids may be useful for monitoring asthma patients. However, the influence of asthma phenotype and severity on basal urinary excretion of these metabolites is unknown. OBJECTIVE To compare(More)