Ralph B. Puchalski

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Molecular approaches to understanding the functional circuitry of the nervous system promise new insights into the relationship between genes, brain and behaviour. The cellular diversity of the brain necessitates a cellular resolution approach towards understanding the functional genomics of the nervous system. We describe here an anatomically comprehensive(More)
Availability of genome-scale in situ hybridization data allows systematic analysis of genetic neuroanatomical architecture. Within the hippocampus, electrophysiology and lesion and imaging studies demonstrate functional heterogeneity along the septotemporal axis, although precise underlying circuitry and molecular substrates remain uncharacterized.(More)
RNA editing and subunit assembly of ionotropic glutamate receptors (GluRs) were examined in an oligodendrocyte progenitor cell line, CG4, which expresses GluR2-GluR4, GluR6, GluR7, KA1, and KA2. AMPA-evoked currents rapidly desensitize, whereas kainate-evoked currents contain a steady-state component with a nearly linear current-voltage relation and a fast(More)
Radial glia (RG) are primarily embryonic neuroglial progenitors that express Brain Lipid Binding Protein (Blbp a.k.a. Fabp7) and Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (Gfap). We used these transcripts to demarcate the distribution of spinal cord radial glia (SCRG) and screen for SCRG gene expression in the Allen Spinal Cord Atlas (ASCA). We reveal that neonatal(More)
The Sac (saccharin preference) locus affecting mouse behavioral and neural responsiveness to sweeteners has been mapped to distal Chr 4. A putative sweet taste receptor, T1R1, has been recently cloned, and the gene encoding it, Gpr70, has also been mapped to mouse distal Chr 4. To assess Gpr70 as a candidate gene for Sac, we compared the Gpr70 sequences of(More)
Increased levels of glutathione S-transferase (GST; RX:glutathione R-transferase; EC mRNA, protein, and activity in tumor biopsy samples and in drug-resistant cultured cells are associated with resistance to anticancer drugs. We report that each of three full-length cloned GST cDNAs, that for pi (acidic), Ya (basic), and Yb1 (neutral), can confer(More)
Interpretation of the new wealth of gene expression and molecular mechanisms in the developing mouse spinal cord requires an accurate anatomical base on which data can be mapped. Therefore, we have assembled a spinal cord atlas of the P4 mouse to facilitate direct comparison with the adult specimens and to contribute to studies of the development of the(More)
In order to identify amino acids involved in binding the co-substrate glutathione to the human glutathione S-transferase (GST) pi enzyme, we assembled three criteria to implicate amino acids whose role in binding and catalysis could be tested. Presence of a residue in the highly conserved exon 4 of the GST gene, positional conservation of a residue in 12(More)
The aim of this work was to define a transfection procedure that is compatible with the sorting and propagation of cells that transiently express a heterologous gene. Three requirements were established for the procedure and were met with COS monkey kidney cells that express a recombinant glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene. The transfection procedure used(More)
COS cells transiently expressing glutathione S-transferase (GST) pi, Ya, or Yb1 (human Pi, rat Alpha or Mu, cytosolic classes) were purified by flow cytometry and used in colony-forming assays to show that GST confers cellular resistance to the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (+/-)-anti-diol epoxide (anti-BPDE). We developed a sorting technique to viably separate(More)