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Amphiregulin (AR), a heparin-binding, epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor ligand has homology with EGF but exhibits a lower affinity for the EGF receptor than EGF. As the mature form of AR is truncated at the C terminus and lacks a conserved leucine residue known to be essential for high affinity binding of EGF to the EGF receptor, wild-type AR (AR1-84),(More)
BACKGROUND CD8 cells are key to antiviral immunity and can be divided by phenotype into early (CD28+ CD27+), intermediate (CD28-CD27+) and terminally differentiated subsets (CD28- CD27-). Despite effective HAART there is an unexplained expansion of CD8+CD28-CD27-T cells in HIV-infected children. The cytokine production and specificity of this terminally(More)
We have previously shown that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligand, amphiregulin (AR) exhibits low potency as a result of its C-terminal truncation. This led us to investigate whether its inability to promote anchorage-independent growth (AIG) of normal cells arose because of its compromised interaction with EGFR. Wild type AR(1-84) was tested(More)
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