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BACKGROUND Early neurodevelopmental pathogenesis in autism potentially affects emerging functional maps, but little imaging evidence is available. METHODS We studied eight male autistic and eight matched normal subjects, using functional magnetic resonance imaging during visually paced finger movement, compared to a control condition (visual stimulation(More)
Processing the human face is at the focal point of most social interactions, yet this simple perceptual task is difficult for individuals with autism, a population that spends limited amounts of time engaged in face-to-face eye contact or social interactions in general. Thus, the study of face processing in autism is not only important because it may be(More)
We examined the brain organization for language and auditory functions in five high-functioning autistic and five normal adults, using [15O]-water positron emission tomography (PET). Cerebral blood flow was studied for rest, listening to tones, and listening to, repeating, and generating sentences. The autism group (compared to the control group) showed (a)(More)
Most language mapping studies have focussed on activations for single-word tasks. We examined activations for verbal auditory and generation tasks using sentence stimuli. [15O]-water PET was performed in 4 female and 5 male normal adults. Listening to sentences (minus rest) activated the superior and middle temporal gyri bilaterally, but mean activation was(More)
1. There is evidence for pronounced brain plasticity during postnatal maturation. The authors hypothesized that left-hemisphere lesion would be associated with greater than normal language participation of the right hemisphere and that atypical asymmetry of perisylvian language activations would be enhanced after lesion occurring in early childhood as(More)
Functional neuroimaging studies have shown enhanced right-hemisphere language activations in adults with left-hemisphere damage. We hypothesized that this effect would be stronger in patients with lesion occurring early in development. Using [15O]-water PET, we studied eight normal adults and 23 patients with unilateral left lesion during rest, listening to(More)
Neural networks of motor control are well understood and the motor domain therefore lends itself to the study of learning. Neuroimaging of motor learning has demonstrated fronto-parietal, subcortical, and cerebellar involvement. However, there is conflicting evidence on the specific functional contributions of individual regions and their relative(More)
Neuropsychological studies suggest that good long-term language outcome is possible following extensive early left-hemisphere damage. We explored the brain organization for language in children with early unilateral lesion, using [15O]-water PET. In 12 patients with left lesion (LL) and 9 patients with right lesion (RL), cerebral blood flow changes during(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI) studies of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have suggested atypical patterns of activation and long-distance connectivity for diverse tasks and networks in ASD. We explored the regional homogeneity (ReHo) approach in ASD, which is analogous to conventional fcMRI, but focuses(More)
OBJECTIVE There is extensive evidence for post-lesional plasticity in the language and motor domains. We examined possible domain-specific differences in reorganizational patterns, hypothesizing that interhemispheric reorganization would be predominantly homotopic for language, but predominantly nonhomotopic for motor control. DESIGN Using oxygen 15-water(More)