Ralpf R. Dawirs

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Dopamine (DA)-immunoreactivity was investigated in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of 90 day old adult male gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) after they had received a single dose of either methamphetamine (50 mg/kg; i.p.) or saline at the age of postnatal day 14. For that purpose, a selective and sensitive antibody directed against glutaraldehyde-conjugated(More)
In recent years, comparing the structure and development of the central nervous system in crustaceans has provided new insights into the phylogenetic relationships of arthropods. Furthermore, the structural evolution of the compound eyes and optic ganglia of adult arthropods has been discussed, but it was not possible to compare the ontogeny of arthropod(More)
The caridean shrimp Palaemonetes argentinus Nobili is well suited for studying developmental aspects of the crustacean nervous system due to its rapid embryonic development and short reproductive cycle. In the present paper, we demonstrate the pattern of central axonal pathways in embryos of this species by immunohistochemical detection of acetylated(More)
Male gerbils were bred and reared grouped under enriched semi-natural environmental conditions. The objective of the present study was to examine the influence of an acute treatment with the neuroleptic haloperidol on adult granule cell neurogenesis in the hippocampus. For that purpose, at the age of postnatal day 90 adult animals received 4 challenges of(More)
Male gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) were bred and reared either grouped under enriched environmental conditions or isolated under impoverished environmental conditions. The objective of the present study was to examine the influence of social environment on structural and functional ontogeny of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). In this respect, we(More)
A single non-invasive dose of methamphetamine (50 mg/kg i.p.) was administered to neonatal male gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) aged 14 days. At the age of postnatal day 90, the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) immunoreactive profiles were electron microscopically quantified in the prelimbic area of the prefrontal cortex and compared with those of(More)
Larvae of the spider crab Hyas araneus were reared in the laboratory from hatching through to metamorphosis. Neurogenesis was recorded in the ventral nerve cord during development of successive larval stages, zoea 1, zoea 2, megalopa and crab 1. Proliferating cells were detected immunocytochemically after in vivo labelling with 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine(More)
The objective of the present study was to examine both naturally occurring degrading events in axon terminals of the dentate gyrus and granule cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) throughout postnatal life. For that purpose, (1) a selective silver staining technique was applied to analyze neuronal lysosome accumulation(More)
A considerable amount of information is available about the structure and function of the central nervous system in adult crustaceans. However, little effort has been directed toward understanding embryonic and larval neurogenesis in these animals. In the present study we recorded neurogenesis in the brain of laboratory-reared larvae of the spider crab Hyas(More)
The objective of the present study was to examine whether acute treatment with the recreational drug methamphetamine influences adult granule cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. For that purpose, at the age of postnatal day 90 adult male gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) received a single dose of either methamphetamine (25 mg/kg; i.p.)(More)