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BACKGROUND There is limited information about predictors of outcome and recurrence of ischaemic stroke affecting young adults. OBJECTIVE To assess the predictive value of the presenting characteristics for both outcome and recurrence in young stroke victims. METHODS Clinical and radiological data for 203 patients aged 16 to 45 years were collected(More)
Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a neurological disorder that typically affects mountaineers who ascend to high altitude. The symptoms have traditionally been ascribed to intracranial hypertension caused by extracellular vasogenic edematous brain swelling subsequent to mechanical disruption of the blood-brain barrier in hypoxia. However, recent(More)
OBJECTIVE To define predictors of recanalisation and clinical outcome of patients with acute basilar artery occlusions treated with local intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT). METHODS Vascular risk factors, severity of the neurological deficit graded by the National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS), and radiological findings were recorded at(More)
BACKGROUND No randomized study has yet compared efficacy and safety of aspirin and anticoagulants in patients with spontaneous dissection of the cervical carotid artery (sICAD). METHODS Prospectively collected data from 298 consecutive patients with sICAD (56% men; mean age 46 +/- 10 years) treated with anticoagulants alone (n = 202) or aspirin alone (n =(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate cerebral vasomotor reactivity in five patients with limb shaking transient ischaemic attacks by using transcranial Doppler sonography. METHOD Attacks with transient limb shaking were unilateral in four patients and bilateral in one. Internal carotid arteries on the side opposite the abnormal limb movements showed three 90-95%(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Identification of the population at risk of stroke remains the best approach to assess the burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. METHODS The prevalence of hypertension (HT), hypercholesterolemia (HCh), diabetes mellitus (DM), overweight (OW), obesity (OB), tobacco use (SM), and their combinations was examined in 4,458(More)
Cavernous malformations (CCMs) are benign, well-circumscribed, and mulberry-like vascular malformations that may be found in the central nervous system in up to 0.5% of the population. Cavernous malformations can be sporadic or inherited. The common symptoms are epilepsy, hemorrhages, focal neurological deficits, and headaches. However, CCMs are often(More)
Ischaemic stroke (IS) in young adults has been increasingly recognized as a serious health condition. Stroke aetiology is different in young adults than in the older population. This study aimed to investigate aetiology and risk factors, and to search for predictors of outcome and recurrence in young IS patients. We conducted a prospective multicentre study(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Few data exist about clinical, radiologic findings, clinical outcome, and its predictors in patients with spontaneous vertebral artery dissection (sVAD). METHODS Clinical characteristics, imaging findings, 3-month outcomes, and its predictors were investigated in consecutive patients with sVAD. RESULTS One hundred sixty-nine(More)