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BACKGROUND There is limited information about predictors of outcome and recurrence of ischaemic stroke affecting young adults. OBJECTIVE To assess the predictive value of the presenting characteristics for both outcome and recurrence in young stroke victims. METHODS Clinical and radiological data for 203 patients aged 16 to 45 years were collected(More)
Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a neurological disorder that typically affects mountaineers who ascend to high altitude. The symptoms have traditionally been ascribed to intracranial hypertension caused by extracellular vasogenic edematous brain swelling subsequent to mechanical disruption of the blood-brain barrier in hypoxia. However, recent(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging studies of the brains of schizophrenic and control subjects were performed using a 0.3 Tesla superconducting magnet. Quantitative measurements of ventricular size, sulcal width, and standardized image intensity were performed. There were no significant differences between schizophrenic and comparison subjects for linear or area(More)
OBJECTIVE To define predictors of recanalisation and clinical outcome of patients with acute basilar artery occlusions treated with local intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT). METHODS Vascular risk factors, severity of the neurological deficit graded by the National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS), and radiological findings were recorded at(More)
BACKGROUND No randomized study has yet compared efficacy and safety of aspirin and anticoagulants in patients with spontaneous dissection of the cervical carotid artery (sICAD). METHODS Prospectively collected data from 298 consecutive patients with sICAD (56% men; mean age 46 +/- 10 years) treated with anticoagulants alone (n = 202) or aspirin alone (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether spontaneous dissections of the cervical internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) with and without ischemia of the brain or retina differ in the prevalence of vascular risk factors, local neurologic signs and symptoms, and stenoses and occlusions of the cerebral arteries. METHODS The authors prospectively studied 181 consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Few data exist about clinical, radiologic findings, clinical outcome, and its predictors in patients with spontaneous vertebral artery dissection (sVAD). METHODS Clinical characteristics, imaging findings, 3-month outcomes, and its predictors were investigated in consecutive patients with sVAD. RESULTS One hundred sixty-nine(More)
We analyzed sex differences in 696 patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection. There were more men (n = 399; p < 0.0001), and men showed a higher frequency of hypertension (31% vs 15%; p < 0.0001). Women were younger (42.5 +/- 9.9 vs 47.5 +/- 9.3 years; p < 0.0001), had more often multiple dissections (18 vs 10%; p = 0.001), migraine (47 vs 20%; p(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the rate of ischemic events and intracranial hemorrhage in the long-term follow-up of patients with persistent and transient severe stenosis or occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) due to spontaneous dissection (ICAD). METHODS One hundred and sixty-one consecutive patients with unilateral ICAD causing severe stenosis or(More)