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Voltage-gated Na+ channels mediate the rapid upstroke of the action potential in excitable tissues. Na(v)1.5, encoded by the SCN5A gene, is the predominant isoform in the heart. Mutations in SCN5A are associated with distinct cardiac excitation disorders often resulting in life-threatening arrhythmias. This review outlines the currently known SCN5A(More)
BACKGROUND The evaluation of new therapeutic modalities to induce collateral growth in coronary artery disease require improved methods of angiographic characterization of collaterals, which should be validated by quantitative assessment of collateral function. METHODS AND RESULTS In 100 patients with total chronic occlusion of a major coronary artery(More)
The Cytosin-->thymidin transition at codon 12 of the adenosine monophosphate deaminase-1 (AMPD1) gene results in a complete loss of its catalytic activity. The increased conversion of adenosine monophosphate to adenosine, which in turn attenuates the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) expression, has been suggested as a putative mechanism(More)
AIMS Chronic total coronary occlusions (CTOs) with angiographically well-developed collaterals may be considered to provide sufficient blood supply to the occluded segment, and the indication for revascularization may be questioned. Therefore, the collateral function and functional reserve in patients with a CTO without a prior Q-wave myocardial infarction(More)
BACKGROUND Heart rate turbulence, deceleration capacity (DC), and symbolic dynamics (SD) are promising novel domains of autonomic indices representing the multidimensional qualities of autonomic heart rate dynamics. PURPOSE The aim of this study was to test the impact of these novel indices in predicting early AF recurrence within the first month after(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest are at risk of subsequent death or poor neurological outcome up to a persistent vegetative state. We investigated the prognostic value of several epidemiological and clinical markers and two neuroproteins, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100 protein (S-100), in 97 patients undergoing(More)
Haemochromatosis (HFE) gene C282Y mutation and the risk of coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction: a study in 1279 patients undergoing coronary angiography H ereditary haemochromatosis is the most common genetic disorder in white people. Its prevalence exceeds the combined incidence of cystic fibrosis, muscular dys-trophia, and phenylketonuria. 1(More)
The gene encoding endothelial nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) is a candidate gene for the mediation of initial endothelial cell damage seen in arteriosclerosis. Although the association of ecNOS polymorphisms with hypertension has been studied extensively, there is little information regarding its association with coronary artery disease (CAD). We decided to(More)