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The 20S proteasome is a protease complex of functional importance for antigen processing. Two of the 14 proteasome subunits, delta and MB1, can be replaced by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-encoded and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-inducible subunits LMP2 and LMP7, respectively. LMP2 and LMP7 alter the cleavage site specificity of the 20S(More)
Processing of antigens for presentation by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules requires the activity of the proteasome. The 20S proteasome complex is composed of 14 different subunits, 2 of which can be substituted by the interferon gamma (IFN-gamma)-inducible and MHC-encoded subunits LMP2 and LMP7 (low molecular mass poylpeptides 2 and(More)
The S segment RNA of nephropathia epidemica virus (NEV) strain Hällnäs B1 was isolated by molecular cloning of the corresponding cDNA. The RNA is 1785 nucleotides long with the 3' and 5' termini being complementary for 23 bases. The viral messenger-sense RNA contains one major open reading frame (ORF) with a coding capacity of 433 amino acids encoding a(More)
The L RNA segment of the nephropathia epidemica virus (NEV) strain Hällnäs B1 was characterized by molecular cloning of the corresponding cDNA and subsequent determination of the DNA nucleotide sequence. The L RNA segment is 6550 nucleotides long with complementarity of 20 bases at the 3' and 5' termini. The viral messenger sense RNA contains one major open(More)
The gene encoding the major capsid protein of Chilo iridescent virus (CIV) has been identified by PCR using oligonucleotide primers corresponding to different regions of the major capsid proteins of Tipula iridescent virus (TIV) and iridescent virus 22 (IV22). A DNA fragment of 0.5 kbp was amplified using two oligonucleotide primers corresponding to the(More)
The activation kinetics of constitutive and IFNgamma-stimulated 20S proteasomes obtained with homomeric (recPA28alpha, recPA28beta) and heteromeric (recPA28alphabeta) forms of recombinant 11S regulator PA28 was analysed by means of kinetic modelling. The activation curves obtained with increasing concentrations of the individual PA28 subunits(More)
Genes encoding the nucleocapsid (N) proteins of two hantaviruses, Hantaan virus strain 76-118 (HTN) and Puumala virus strain CG 18-20 (PUU), were expressed in Escherichia coli as histidine-tagged proteins. They were purified by metal-chelate affinity chromatography under native or denaturing conditions to near homogeneity. The soluble form of HTN N protein(More)
The 20S proteasome is a multicatalytic threonine protease and serves to process peptides that are subsequently presented as antigenic epitopes by MHC class I molecules. In the brain, microglial cells are the major antigen presenting cells and they respond sensitive to pathologic events. We used cultured mouse microglia and a microglial cell line, the BV-2(More)
The M genome RNA segment of nephropathia epidemica virus (NEV) strain Hällnäs B1 was characterized by molecular cloning and DNA nucleotide sequencing of the corresponding cDNA clones. The size of the M RNA segment is 3682 nucleotides. The 3' and 5' terminal sequences are complementary for 21 bases and their predicted secondary structure is very stable. The(More)
The generation of antigenic peptides bound and presented to the immune system by MHC class I molecules predominantly depends on the function of the proteasome system. Stimulation of cells with interferon gamma induces the incorporation of three active site bearing beta-subunits into the 20S proteasome and the formation of the PA28 proteasome modulator(More)