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BACKGROUND Previous tissue engineering approaches to create heart valves have been limited by the structural immaturity and mechanical properties of the valve constructs. This study used an in vitro pulse duplicator system to provide a biomimetic environment during tissue formation to yield more mature implantable heart valves derived from autologous(More)
One approach to the tissue engineering of vascular structures is to develop in vitro conditions in order ultimately to fabricate functional vascular tissues before final implantation. In our experiment, we aimed to develop a new combined cell seeding and perfusion system that provides sterile conditions during cell seeding and biomechanical stimuli in order(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue engineering is a new approach in which techniques are being developed to transplant autologous cells onto biodegradable scaffolds to ultimately form new functional autologous tissue. Workers at our laboratory have focused on tissue engineering of heart valves. The present study was designed to evaluate the implantation of a whole(More)
A crucial factor in tissue engineering of heart valves is the type of scaffold material. In the following study, we tested three different biodegradable scaffold materials, polyglycolic acid (PGA), polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), and poly-4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB), as scaffolds for tissue engineering of heart valves. We modified PHA and P4HB by a salt leaching(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue engineering represents a promising approach to in vitro creation of living, autologous replacements with the potential to grow, repair, and remodel. Particularly in a congenital operation, there is a substantial need for such implantation materials. We previously demonstrated fabrication of completely autologous, functional heart valves on(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated the successful tissue engineering and implantation of functioning autologous heart valves based on vascular-derived cells. Human marrow stromal cells (MSC) exhibit the potential to differentiate into multiple cell-lineages and can be easily obtained clinically. The feasibility of creating tissue engineered heart valves(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous tissue engineering approaches to create small caliber vascular grafts have been limited by the structural and mechanical immaturity of the constructs. This study uses a novel in vitro pulse duplicator system providing a 'biomimetic' environment during tissue formation to yield more mature, implantable vascular grafts. METHODS Vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue engineering of autologous heart valves with the potential to grow and to remodel represents a promising concept. Here we describe the use of cryopreserved umbilical cord blood-derived CD133(+) cells as a single cell source for the tissue engineering of heart valves. METHODS After expansion and differentiation of CD133(+) cells,(More)
We developed a new fabrication technique for 3-dimensional scaffolds for tissue engineering of human heart valve tissue. A human aortic homograft was scanned with an X-ray computer tomograph. The data derived from the X-ray computed tomogram were processed by a computer-aided design program to reconstruct a human heart valve 3-dimensionally. Based on this(More)
OBJECTIVES The rate of infection in patients who require ventricular assist devices (VADs) is estimated at more than 35%. Infections with multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms in VAD recipients present a high mortality rate. Daptomycin (Cubicin, Novartis, Nuremberg, Germany), a new cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic, is useful for MDR gram-positive organisms. We(More)