Ralf Reinhardt

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Previously, we had reported a genome-wide scan for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 102 families with affected sibs of German ancestry; the highest multipoint LOD score of 4.75 was obtained on chromosome 5p13 (parametric HLOD analysis under a dominant model) near the dopamine transporter gene (DAT1). We genotyped 30 single nucleotide(More)
Exercise seems a simple and widely practised behaviour that activates molecular and cellular signalling cascades involved in various central nervous system processes. Despite impressive results obtained in animal studies, fitness interventions have produced less reliable effects in humans, particularly in young adults. In the present study we tested the(More)
Physical fitness can serve as a means to enhance cognitive functioning by modulating particular aspects of brain functioning. However, mechanisms underlying this modulating effect remain widely unresolved. To examine the impact and to clarify the mechanisms of physical fitness training in a young and healthy population, it was investigated whether an(More)
Butterfly wing colour patterns are determined during late larval and early pupal development, a part of metamorphosis controlled by ecdysteroid hormones via their nuclear hormone receptors. We have sequenced a fragment of the common regions of the ecdysone receptor (EcR) from the butterflies Precis coenia and Bicyclus anynana and found high identities(More)
Conformations of manually built native and permethylated alpha-, beta-, and gamma-cyclodextrins (CD) were investigated using various computer assisted molecular modelling methods. Calculations were carried by applying the MM+ and the Tripos force field. The influences of atomic charges on the macrocyclic conformations during the optimization procedure were(More)
Visualization of proteins inside acrylamide and other gels usually relies on different staining methods. To omit the protein-staining procedure, we visualized unstained proteins inside acrylamide gels by laser excitation with ultraviolet (UV) light (280 nm, 35 mJ/cm2) and directly detected native UV fluorescence. In one-dimensional gels, a detection limit(More)
Color patterns of butterfly wings are composed of single color points represented by each scale. In the case of Precis coenia, at the end of pupal development, different types of pigments are synthesized sequentially in the differently colored scales beginning with white (pterins) followed by red (ommatins) and then black (melanin). In order to explain how(More)
Complexes between the chlorometal(III) cations [(C5Me5)ClM]+, M = Rh or Ir, and the 1,10-phenanthroline-derived alpha-diimine (N--N) ligands dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz), 1,4,7,10-tetraazaphenanthrene (tap), or 1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-dione (pdo) were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, EPR, and UV-vis-NIR spectroelectrochemistry with respect to(More)
Regarding theophylline as representative xanthine derivative, it was shown that the net charges of various semiempirical quantum chemistry methods are transferable by scaling. PM3 should be preferred for calculation of xanthine derivatives. Molecular modelling indicated that there is a conformational similarity of the lead structure of xanthine and(More)
The results of the backpropagation (BP) and generalized-regression genetic-neural (GRGN) network were compared using a series of nonpeptide arginine vasopressin VI antagonists. It was shown that both approaches are equivalent with respect to the recognition process while the BP network is superior over GRGN if the sample sizes are lowered by(More)