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Pirellula sp. strain 1 ("Rhodopirellula baltica") is a marine representative of the globally distributed and environmentally important bacterial order Planctomycetales. Here we report the complete genome sequence of a member of this independent phylum. With 7.145 megabases, Pirellula sp. strain 1 has the largest circular bacterial genome sequenced so far.(More)
Anaerobic degradation of alkylbenzenes with side chains longer than that of toluene was studied in freshwater mud samples in the presence of nitrate. Two new denitrifying strains, EbN1 and PbN1, were isolated on ethylbenzene and n-propylbenzene, respectively. For comparison, two further denitrifying strains, ToN1 and mXyN1, were isolated from the same mud(More)
A toluene-degrading sulfate-reducing bacterium, strain Tol2, was isolated from marine sediment under strictly anoxic conditions. Toluene was toxic if applied directly to the medium at concentrations higher than 0.5 mM. To provide toluene continuously at a nontoxic concentration, it was supplied in an inert hydrophobic carrier phase. The isolate had oval,(More)
Ninety-seven strains of budding bacteria originating from various aquatic habitats and morphologically resembling planctomycetes were investigated taxonomically. Taxonomic differentiation was based on DNA-DNA hybridization, physiological properties and chemotaxonomic tests. Nineteen hybridization groups, containing 79 of the tested strains, were(More)
Saturated and aromatic hydrocarbons are wide-spread in our environment. These compounds exhibit low chemical reactivity and for many decades were thought to undergo biodegradation only in the presence of free oxygen. During the past decade, however, an increasing number of microorganisms have been detected that degrade hydrocarbons under strictly anoxic(More)
The initial activation reactions of anaerobic oxidation of the aromatic hydrocarbons toluene and ethylbenzene were investigated in cell extracts of a toluene-degrading, sulfate-reducing bacterium, Desulfobacula toluolica, and in cell extracts of strain EbN1, a denitrifying bacterium capable of degrading toluene and ethylbenzene. Extracts of toluene-grown(More)
HPr(Ser) kinase is the sensor in a multicomponent phosphorelay system that controls catabolite repression, sugar transport and carbon metabolism in gram-positive bacteria. Unlike most other protein kinases, it recognizes the tertiary structure in its target protein, HPr, a phosphocarrier protein of the bacterial phosphotransferase system and a(More)
Various alkylbenzenes were depleted during growth of an anaerobic, sulfate-reducing enrichment culture with crude oil as the only source of organic substrates. From this culture, two new types of mesophilic, rod-shaped sulfate-reducing bacteria, strains oXyS1 and mXyS1, were isolated with o-xylene and m-xylene, respectively, as organic substrates. Sequence(More)
A novel type of denitrifying bacterium (strain HxN1) with the capacity to oxidize n-alkanes anaerobically with nitrate as the electron acceptor to CO(2) formed (1-methylpentyl)succinate (MPS) during growth on n-hexane as the only organic substrate under strict exclusion of air. Identification of MPS by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was based on(More)
Recent research on microbial degradation of aromatic and other refractory compounds in anoxic waters and soils has revealed that nitrate-reducing bacteria belonging to the Betaproteobacteria contribute substantially to this process. Here we present the first complete genome of a metabolically versatile representative, strain EbN1, which metabolizes various(More)