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Stimulation of purinergic receptors inhibits amiloride-sensitive Na+ transport in epithelial tissues by an unknown mechanism. Because previous studies excluded the role of intracellular Ca2+ or protein kinase C, we examined whether purinergic regulation of Na+ absorption occurs via hydrolysis of phospholipid such as phosphatidylinositol-bisphosphates(More)
Sulfate plays an essential role during growth, development, bone/cartilage formation, and cellular metabolism. In this study, we have isolated the human sulfate anion transporter cDNA (hsat-1; SCL26A1) and gene (SAT1), determined its protein function in Xenopus oocytes and characterized SAT1 promoter activity in mammalian renal cell lines. hsat-1 encodes a(More)
The sat-1 transporter mediates sulfate/bicarbonate/oxalate anion exchange in vivo at the basolateral membrane of the kidney proximal tubule. In the present study, we show two renal cell lines [Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) and porcine proximal tubular kidney (LLC-PK1) cells] that similarly target sat-1 exclusively to the basolateral membrane. To identify(More)
NaSi-1 encodes a Na(+)-sulfate cotransporter expressed on the apical membrane of renal proximal tubular cells, which is responsible for body sulfate homeostasis. Limited information is available on NaSi-1 protein structure and the mechanisms controlling its apical membrane sorting. The aims of this study were to biochemically determine the quaternary(More)
Sulfate plays an essential role in human growth and development. Here, we characterized the functional properties of the human Na(+)-sulfate cotransporter (hNaS2), determined its tissue distribution, and identified its gene (SLC13A4) structure. Expression of hNaS2 protein in Xenopus oocytes led to a Na(+)-dependent transport of sulfate that was inhibited by(More)
Membrane transport proteins (transporters and ion channels) have been extensively expressed in amphibian oocytes. The aims of this study were to determine whether oocytes from the cane toad Bufo marinus could be used as an alternative expression system to the broadly used Xenopus laevis oocytes. mRNAs encoding plasma membrane transporters NaSi-1 and sat-1(More)
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