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Cell divisions that produce progeny differing in their patterns of gene expression are key to the development of multicellular organisms. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, mother cells but not daughter cells can switch mating type because they selectively express the HO endonuclease gene. This asymmetry is due to the preferential accumulation(More)
RNA localization is a widespread mechanism to achieve localized protein synthesis. In budding yeast, localization of ASH1 mRNA controls daughter cell-specific accumulation of the transcriptional regulator Ash1p, which determines mating type switching. ASH1 mRNA localization depends on four independently acting sequences ('zipcodes') within the mRNA. In(More)
We have generated temperature-sensitive lethal point mutations in the small nucleolar RNA-associated protein fibrillarin (encoded by the NOP1 gene in yeast) and analyzed their effects on ribosome synthesis. The five alleles tested all prevent synthesis of normal ribosomes, but in dramatically different ways. At the non-permissive temperature, the nop1.2 and(More)
Asymmetric distribution of messenger RNAs is a widespread mechanism to localize synthesis of specific protein to distinct sites in the cell. Although not proven yet there is considerable evidence that mRNA localisation is an active process that depends on the activity of cytoskeletal motor proteins. To date, the only motor protein with a specific role in(More)
  • R P Jansen
  • 2001
Cytoplasmic messenger RNA localization is a key post-transcriptional mechanism of establishing spatially restricted protein synthesis. The characterization of cis-acting signals within localized mRNAs, and the identification of trans-acting factors that recognize these signals, has opened avenues towards identifying the machinery and mechanisms involved in(More)
Yeast fibrillarin (NOP1) is an evolutionarily conserved, nucleolar protein necessary for multiple steps in ribosome biogenesis. Yeast mutants lacking a functional NOP1 gene can be complemented by human fibrillarin but are temperature sensitive for growth and impaired in pre-rRNA processing. In order to identify components which interact functionally with(More)
  • R P Jansen
  • 1999
It has become evident over the past years that a large fraction of messenger RNAs is tightly associated with the cytoskeleton. Whereas microtubules are involved in RNA-cytoskeletal association in large cells like oocytes, neurons, or oligodendrocytes, microfilaments play the major role in smaller somatic cell types. Association of RNA with cytoskeletal(More)
NOP1 is an essential nucleolar protein in yeast that is associated with small nucleolar RNA and required for ribosome biogenesis. We have cloned the human nucleolar protein, fibrillarin, from a HeLa cDNA library. Human fibrillarin is 70% identical to yeast NOP1 and is also the functional homologue since either human or Xenopus fibrillarin can complement a(More)