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Transcription in plastids is mediated by a plastid-encoded multimeric (PEP) and a nuclear-encoded single-subunit RNA polymerase (NEP) and a still unknown number of nuclear-encoded factors. By combining gel filtration and affinity chromatography purification steps, we isolated transcriptionally active chromosomes from Arabidopsis thaliana and mustard(More)
Photosynthetic organisms acclimate to long term changes in the environmental light quality by an adjustment of their photosystem stoichiometry to maintain photosynthetic efficiency. By using light sources that predominantly excite either photosystem I (PSI) or photosystem II (PSII), we studied the effects of excitation imbalances between both photosystems(More)
Expression of nuclear genes involved in plastidogenesis is known to be controlled by light via phytochrome. Examples are the small subunit (SSU) of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase and the light harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding protein of photosystem II (LHCP). In the present study we show that, beside phytochrome, the integrity of the plastid is(More)
Excitation imbalances between photosystem I and II generate redox signals in the thylakoid membrane of higher plants which induce acclimatory changes in the structure of the photosynthetic apparatus. They affect the accumulation of reaction center and light-harvesting proteins as well as chlorophylls a and b. In Arabidopsis thaliana the re-adjustment of(More)
In a preceding paper (Oelmüller and Mohr 1986, Planta 167, 106–113) it was shown that in the cotyledons of the mustard (Sinapis alba L.) seedling the integrity of the plastid is a necessary prerequisite for phytochrome-controlled appearance of translatable mRNA for the nuclear-encoded small subunit (SSU) of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase and the(More)
We describe the isolation and characterization of cDNAs encoding the precursor polypeptide of the 6.1-kDa polypeptide associated with the reaction center core of the photosystem II complex from spinach. PsbW, the gene encoding this polypeptide, is present in a single copy per haploid genome. The mature polypeptide with 54 amino acid residues is(More)
Piriformospora indica, a basidiomycete of the Sebacinaceae family, promotes the growth, development and seed production of a variety of plant species. Arabidopsis plants colonized with the fungus produce 22% more seeds than uncolonized plants. Deactivating the Arabidopsis single-copy gene DMI-1, which encodes an ion carrier required for mycorrihiza(More)
The promoter region -118/-29 of the spinach PetH gene encoding the ferredoxin-NADP(+)-oxidoreductase contains crucial cis-elements for the regulated expression, while sequences for the 5'-untranslated leader determine the quantitative expression of chimeric GUS gene fusions in transgenic tobacco. Deletion of leader sequences in chimeric GUS gene fusions of(More)
A functionally important region in the promoter of the spinach photosynthesis gene AtpC, which encodes the subunit gamma of the chloroplast ATP synthase, is located immediately upstream of the CAAT-box. A single nucleotide exchange in this region (AAAATTCAAT --> AAGATCAAT) uncouples the expression of an AtpC promoter::uidA gene fusion from the regulation by(More)
In Arabidopsis thaliana the PALE CRESS (PAC) gene product is required for both chloroplast and cell differentiation. Transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing a translational fusion of the N-terminal part of the PAC protein harboring the complete plastid-targeting sequence and the green fluorescent protein (GFP) exhibit high GFP fluorescence. Detailed(More)