Ralf Oelmueller

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Transcription in plastids is mediated by a plastid-encoded multimeric (PEP) and a nuclear-encoded single-subunit RNA polymerase (NEP) and a still unknown number of nuclear-encoded factors. By combining gel filtration and affinity chromatography purification steps, we isolated transcriptionally active chromosomes from Arabidopsis thaliana and mustard(More)
Expression of nuclear genes involved in plastidogenesis is known to be controlled by light via phytochrome. Examples are the small subunit (SSU) of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase and the light harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding protein of photosystem II (LHCP). In the present study we show that, beside phytochrome, the integrity of the plastid is(More)
WRKY transcription factors are one of the largest families of transcriptional regulators found exclusively in plants. They have diverse biological functions in plant disease resistance, abiotic stress responses, nutrient deprivation, senescence, seed and trichome development, embryogenesis, as well as additional developmental and hormone-controlled(More)
Excitation imbalances between photosystem I and II generate redox signals in the thylakoid membrane of higher plants which induce acclimatory changes in the structure of the photosynthetic apparatus. They affect the accumulation of reaction center and light-harvesting proteins as well as chlorophylls a and b. In Arabidopsis thaliana the re-adjustment of(More)
Photosynthetic organisms acclimate to long term changes in the environmental light quality by an adjustment of their photosystem stoichiometry to maintain photosynthetic efficiency. By using light sources that predominantly excite either photosystem I (PSI) or photosystem II (PSII), we studied the effects of excitation imbalances between both photosystems(More)
In a preceding paper (Oelmüller and Mohr 1986, Planta 167, 106–113) it was shown that in the cotyledons of the mustard (Sinapis alba L.) seedling the integrity of the plastid is a necessary prerequisite for phytochrome-controlled appearance of translatable mRNA for the nuclear-encoded small subunit (SSU) of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase and the(More)
Light is one of the most important environmental factors some cases, oxygen acts as a different environmental, light-independent stimulus of photosynthetic gene expression, providinfluencing gene expression in photosynthetic organisms. In particular, genes for components of the photosynthetic maing an additional redox signal and a different kind of redox(More)
Institute of General Botany and Plant Physiology, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Dornburgerstr. 159, 07743 Jena, Germany School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-110 067, India Advanced Imaging Microscopy, Carl-Zeiss Jena GmbH, D-07745 Jena, Germany Fachbereich Biologie, Spezielle Botanik und Mykologie, Karl-von-Frisch-Straße,(More)
Piriformospora indica, a root-colonizing endophytic fungus of Sebacinales, promotes plant growth and confers resistance against biotic and abiotic stress. The fungus strongly colonizes the roots of Chinese cabbage, promotes root and shoot growth, and promotes lateral root formation. When colonized plants were exposed to polyethylene glycol to mimic drought(More)
The psae1-1 mutant of Arabidopsis was identified on the basis of a decrease in the effective quantum yield of photosystem II, among a collection of plants subjected to transposon tagging with the Enhancer element. The steady-state redox level and the rate of re-oxidation of P700 are significantly altered in psae1-1 mutants. The responsible mutation was(More)