Ralf Michael Dutescu

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Retinal ganglion cell loss is considered to be a cause of visual impairment in Alzheimer`s patients. Alterations in amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing and amyloid-β (Aβ) accumulation, key molecules associated with Alzheimer`s disease pathogenesis, may therefore contribute to retinal damage. We therefore investigated retinal APP processing and eye(More)
Semifluorinated alkanes (SFA, e.g. perfluorobutylpentane F4H5, perfluorohexyloctane F6H8) are inert, non-toxic fluids capable of dissolving lipophilic drugs. The aim of this study to assess the bioavailability and safety of SFAs as drug solvents for the topical ocular application of Cyclosporin A (CsA). A commercially available CsA formulation (Restasis,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of lubricant eyedrops on the corneal healing process and corneal toxicity. METHODS Optive® and Cationorm® were tested regarding corneal irritability against Vismed Multi® and 0.01% benzalkonium chloride as negative and positive control, respectively. Formulas were applied on rabbit corneas (n = 5) cultured on artificial(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of antiglaucoma drugs on the corneal healing process and corneal toxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four eye drops to treat glaucoma--Xalatan (latanoprost 50 μg/mL; Pfizer), Monoprost (latanoprost 50 μg/mL; Théa Pharma), Taflotan Sine (tafluprost 15 μg/mL; Santen Pharmaceutical Co.), Travatan (travoprost 40 μg/mL; Alcon), and(More)
PURPOSE Therapeutic approaches to retinal disease require a continuous monitoring of functional improvement over lesion areas that sometimes cannot be shown in full-field ERG. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of multifocal electroretinograms (mfERGs) under visual control using scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) for evaluation of local(More)
PURPOSE The large amount of data rendered by the multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) can be analyzed and visualized in various ways. The evaluation and comparison of more than one examination is time-consuming and prone to create errors. Using the free software environment R we developed a solution to average the data of multiple examinations and to allow(More)
Ingredients of lubricant eye drops are potentially harmful to the ocular surface. The products Optive, Optive Fusion, Neopt were tested regarding corneal irritability versus Vismed Multi and 0.01% benzalkonium chloride as negative and positive control, respectively. Formulas (30-40μl per hour) were applied hourly in-vitro for six days on rabbit corneas(More)
PURPOSE Little is known about how the osmolarity of ophthalmic formulations affects the ocular surface. Because hyperosmolar eye drops could be therapeutic for treating corneal edema, this article presents an ex vivo model of corneal edema for testing ophthalmic drugs based on their osmolarity. The respective osmolarity of common eye drops found in the(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Toxic maculopathy is a rare but severe complication of chloroquine intake. Although the phenotype of established maculopathy was analyzed in detail, few data exist on the ophthalmologic findings in the early stage. METHODS The authors present 4 female patients with unequivocal signs of chloroquine maculopathy (bilateral [peri-]central(More)
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