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Early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can be cured by surgical resection, but a substantial fraction of patients ultimately dies due to distant metastasis. In this study, we used subtractive hybridization to identify gene expression differences in stage I NSCLC tumors that either did or did not metastasize in the course of disease. Individual(More)
We had previously shown that high gene expressions (mRNA levels) of thymidylate synthase (TS; Leichman et al., J. Clin. Oncol., 15: 3223-3229, 1997) and thymidine phosphorylase (TP; Metzger et al., Clin. Cancer Res., 4: 2371-2376, 1998) in pretreatment tumor biopsies could identify tumors that would be nonresponsive to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based therapy.(More)
Development of distant metastasis after tumor resection is the leading cause of death in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) are involved in tumorigenesis but only few RTKs have been systematically studied in NSCLC. Here, we provide quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR expression data of all RTKs(More)
The prognostic role of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER2-neu remains controversial in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We studied the association between the mRNA expression of EGFR, HER2-neu, and survival in primary tumor and matching nonmalignant tissues from 83 patients with NSCLC. Analysis was performed using a(More)
PURPOSE We have previously shown that relative thymidylate synthase (TS) mRNA levels in primary gastric adenocarcinomas treated with fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin are inversely associated with response and survival. This is a presumed function of TS as a target for 5-FU activity. We now test the hypotheses that the relative mRNA level of the excision(More)
Distant metastasis is the predominant cause of death in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Currently, it is impossible to predict the occurrence of metastasis at early stages and thereby separate patients who could be cured by surgical resection alone from patients who would benefit from additional chemotherapy. In this study, we applied a(More)
PURPOSE Response rates to fluorouracil (5-FU)-based therapy remain low. As new, active agents are being tested, information regarding specific intratumoral genetic determinants of chemotherapy sensitivity or resistance can be used to plan therapy rationally. Intratumoral thymidylate synthase (TS) quantitation may be among the most important determinants of(More)
The gene expression levels of the nucleoside cleavage enzyme/angiogenic factor thymidine phosphorylase (TP), also known as platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor, were measured by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR in 38 pretreatment biopsies of colorectal tumors from patients who were subsequently treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FUra) and(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to quantitatively and objectively evaluate histomorphologic tumor regression and establish a relevant prognostic regression classification system for esophageal cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty-five consecutive patients with localized esophageal cancers (cT2-4, Nx, M0) received(More)
PURPOSE Pancreatic cancer still has one of the worst prognoses in gastrointestinal cancers with a 5-year survival rate of 5%, making it necessary to find markers or gene sets that would further classify patients into different risk categories and thus allow more individually adapted multimodality treatment regimens. In this study, we investigated the(More)