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Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) allows measurement of neurotransmitter concentrations within a region of interest in the brain. Inter-individual variation in MRS-measured GABA levels have been related to variation in task performance in a number of regions. However, it is not clear how MRS-assessed measures of GABA relate to cortical excitability or(More)
Recently, the spin-echo full-intensity acquired localized (SPECIAL) spectroscopy technique was proposed to unite the advantages of short TEs on the order of milliseconds (ms) with full sensitivity and applied to in vivo rat brain. In the present study, SPECIAL was adapted and optimized for use on a clinical platform at 3T and 7T by combining interleaved(More)
After the landmark studies reporting changes in the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRGlc ) in excess of those in oxygen (CMRO2 ) during physiological stimulation, several studies have examined the fate of the extra carbon taken up by the brain, reporting a wide range of changes in brain lactate from 20% to 250%. The present study reports functional(More)
PURPOSE To introduce a newly developed polymer-based and magnetic resonance (MR)-compatible guidewire and to explore its capabilities with respect to interventional peripheral magnetic resonance angiography (ipMRA) in a flow phantom. MATERIALS AND METHODS The guidewire is based on a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) polymer core, and small iron particles are(More)
Short-TE MRS has been proposed recently as a method for the in vivo detection and quantification of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the human brain at 3 T. In this study, we investigated the accuracy and reproducibility of short-TE MRS measurements of GABA at 3 T using both simulations and experiments. LCModel analysis was performed on a large number of(More)
OBJECT To determine whether glycine can be measured at 7 T in human brain with (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS The glycine singlet is overlapped by the larger signal of myo-inositol. Density matrix simulations were performed to determine the TE at which the myo-inositol signal was reduced the most, following a single(More)
INTRODUCTION For three-dimensional (3D) imaging with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of the cerebral and cervical circulation, both a high temporal and a high spatial resolution with isovolumetric datasets are of interest. In an initial evaluation, we analyzed the potential of contrast-enhanced (CE) time-resolved 3D-MRA as an adjunct for neurovascular(More)
PURPOSE To measure the proton density (PD), the T1 and T2 relaxation time, and magnetization transfer (MT) effects in human median nerve at 3 T and to compare them with the corresponding values in muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS Measurements of the T1 and T2 relaxation time were performed with an inversion recovery and a Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG)(More)
1 H spectra from human volunteers acquired with an optimized SPECIAL acquisition scheme using a quadrature surface coil. 64 scans. Data processing consisted of zero-filling up to 16-k data points, shifted Gaussian weighting of the FID, Fourier transformation, and phase correction. Right: Corresponding fitted curves using LCModel. Note the excellent(More)
Schizophrenia pathophysiology implies both abnormal redox control and dysconnectivity of the prefrontal cortex, partly related to oligodendrocyte and myelin impairments. As oligodendrocytes are highly vulnerable to altered redox state, we investigated the interplay between glutathione and myelin. In control subjects, multimodal brain imaging revealed a(More)