Ralf Marbach

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Research into noninvasive devices for self-monitoring of blood glucose is mainly based on near-infrared spectroscopy. Such a device is particularly desirable in the intensive therapy of patients with diabetes mellitus to achieve optimal metabolic control through frequent glucose testing. The state of noninvasive assay technology is presented. Using diffuse(More)
A spectral analysis of whole EDTA blood was undertaken by using attenuated total reflection and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The concentration of blood glucose was measured by an enzymatic method using glucose dehydrogenase and ranged between 40 and 290 mg/dL with an average concentration of 90.4 mg/dL. Multivariate calibration with the partial(More)
The closed-form solution of the so-called statistical multivariate calibration model is given in terms of the pure component spectral signal, the spectral noise, and the signal and noise of the reference method. The "statistical" calibration model is shown to be as much grounded on the physics of the pure component spectra as any of the "physical" models.(More)
A spectral analysis of human blood plasma was undertaken by use of a Fourier-transform infrared spectrometer with a circular attenuated total reflection cell. The concentrations of total protein, glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, urea, and uric acid were measured by chemical or enzymatic methods. For these constituents the partial least-squares(More)
An important class of substances in clinical chemistry are metabolites in body fluids, which are accessible by near-infrared spectroscopy without sample treatment using reagentless, fast and readily automated in vitro assays. Furthermore, noninvasive sensing systems are under development for the determination of blood glucose, especially for diabetic(More)
During the last few years infrared spectrometry has been investigated as a non-invasive clinical tool for improved understanding of in-vivo processes. Oral mucosa has been suggested as an especially suited subject for drug delivery and in vivo monitoring of endogenous body metabolites due to histological and physicochemical reasons. The attenuated total(More)
An optimized accessory for measuring the diffuse reflectance spectra of human skin tissue in the near-infrared spectral range is presented. The device includes an on-axis ellipsoidal collecting mirror with efficient illumination optics for small sampling areas of bulky body specimens. The optical design is supported by the results of a Monte Carlo(More)
This article describes a new photoacoustic FT-IR system capable of operating at elevated temperatures. The key hardware component is an optical-readout cantilever microphone that can work up to 200 °C. All parts in contact with the sample gas were put into a heated oven, incl. the photoacoustic cell. The sensitivity of the built photoacoustic system was(More)
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