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BACKGROUND Experimental studies suggest that transplantation of blood-derived or bone marrow-derived progenitor cells beneficially affects postinfarction remodeling. The safety and feasibility of autologous progenitor cell transplantation in patients with ischemic heart disease is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We randomly allocated 20 patients with(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate radiation and contrast medium requirements for performing high-pitch coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography at 70 kV using a third-generation dual-source CT system in comparison to a second-generation dual-source CT system. MATERIALS AND METHODS All patients gave informed consent for this institutional review(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that postnatal neovascularization involves the recruitment of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Hematopoietic and endothelial cell lineages share common progenitors. Cytokines formerly thought to be specific for the hematopoietic system have only recently been shown to affect several functions in endothelial(More)
Transplantation of bone marrow cells as well as circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) enhances neovascularization after ischemia. The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is essential for migration and homing of hematopoietic stem cells. Therefore, we investigated the role of CXCR4 and its downstream signaling cascade for the angiogenic capacity of cultured(More)
There is increasing evidence for biological functions of human C-peptide. Recently, we have described that proinsulin C-peptide increases nutritive capillary blood flow and restores erythrocyte deformability in type 1 diabetic patients, whereas it has no such effect in non-diabetic subjects. The aim of the current study was to elucidate cellular mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND Pilot studies suggest that intracoronary transplantation of progenitor cells derived from bone marrow (BMC) or circulating blood (CPC) may improve left ventricular function after acute myocardial infarction. The effects of cell transplantation in patients with healed myocardial infarction are unknown. METHODS After an initial pilot trial(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies in Germany has been estimated to be in the range of 0.4-0.63%. Screening for HCV is recommended in patients with elevated ALT levels or significant risk factors for HCV transmission only. However, 15-30% of patients report no risk factors and ALT levels can be normal in up to 20-30% of(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone marrow-derived circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may contribute to regeneration of infarcted myocardium and enhance neovascularization. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is well-established to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and might, thereby, also increase the pool of endogenously circulating EPC.(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the performance of late enhancement dual-energy CT (LE-DECT) for the detection of infarcted myocardium as compared with 1.5-T late enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (LE-MRI) in a porcine model of reperfused chronic myocardial infarction (MI), using histopathology as standard of reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 8 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Cell therapy with bone marrow-derived stem/progenitor cells is a novel option for improving neovascularization and cardiac function in ischemic heart disease. Circulating endothelial progenitor cells in patients with coronary heart disease are impaired with respect to number and functional activity. However, whether this impairment also extends(More)