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Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells with a pivotal role in antigen-specific immune responses. Here, we found that the helix-loop-helix transcription factor Id2 is up-regulated during DC development in vitro and crucial for the development of distinct DC subsets in vivo. Id2-/- mice lack Langerhans cells (LCs), the cutaneous contingent(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) represent key regulators of the immune system, yet their development from hemopoietic precursors is poorly defined. In this study, we describe an in vitro system for amplification of a Flt3(+)CD11b(+) progenitor from mouse bone marrow with specific cytokines. Such progenitor cells develop into both CD11b(+) and CD11b(-) DC, and(More)
The QuikChangeTM protocol is one of the simplest and fastest methods for site-directed mutagenesis, but introduces mutations at only one site at a time, and requires two HPLC-purified complementary oligonucleotides. Here, we describe that this method can be used with non-overlapping oligonucleotides. By doing this, two separate sites can be mutagenised(More)
Rat natural killer (NK) cells recognize MHC-I molecules encoded by both the classical (RT1-A) and non-classical (RT1-C/E/M) MHC class I (MHC-I) regions. We have identified a receptor, the STOK2 antigen, which belongs to the Ly-49 family of killer cell lectin-like receptors, and we have localized the gene encoding it to the rat natural killer cell gene(More)
We have generated a monoclonal antibody (STOK2) which reacts with an inhibitory MHC receptor on a subset of alloreactive NK cells in the rat. This receptor, termed the STOK2 antigen (Ag), belongs to the Ly-49 family of lectin-like molecules and displays specificity for the classical MHC class I molecule RT1-A1c of PVG rats. Here, we have investigated the(More)
We present new estimates of the Boltzmann collision operator in weighted Lebesgue and Bessel potential spaces. The main focus is put on hard potentials under the assumption that the angular part of the collision kernel fulfills some weighted integrability condition. In addition, the proofs for some previously known L p-estimates have been considerably(More)
Polyclonal rabbit anti-idiotypic (Ab2) antibodies raised against the antiprogesterone mAb DB3 (Ab1) were used to induce an Ab3 antiprogesterone response in BALB/c mice. While the affinity of Ab3 sera for progesterone was 10-50-times lower than that of DB3, their steroid-binding specificity showed considerable similarity to DB3. Two immunoglobulin M (IgM)(More)
The gas phase structure of O-nitrobis(trifluoromethyl)hydroxylamine, (CF(3))(2)NONO(2), has been determined with gas electron diffraction and quantum chemical calculations (HF, MP2, and B3LYP with 6-31G basis sets). The calculations predict a structure with C(s) overall symmetry, a planar NONO(2) skeleton, and the NO(2) group oriented anti with respect to(More)
DNA microarray analysis provides a powerful tool for determining changes in gene expression on a genome wide scale. The chromatin modifying agents 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (AzaC) and Trichostatin A (TSA) alter the developmental potential of neurosphere cells and make them acquire hematopoietic activity[1]. TSA and AzaC alter chromatin status and thus alter(More)
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