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Although it is well established that soils are the dominating source for atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O), we are still struggling to fully understand the complexity of the underlying microbial production and consumption processes and the links to biotic (e.g. inter- and intraspecies competition, food webs, plant-microbe interaction) and abiotic (e.g. soil(More)
Temperate pastures are often managed with P fertilizers and N2-fixing legumes to maintain and increase pasture productivity which may lead to greater nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions and reduced methane (CH4) uptake. However, the diel and inter-daily variation in N2O and CH4 flux in pastures is poorly understood, especially in relation to key environmental(More)
We investigated the causes for the seasonal and spatial variation of soil respiration in a first rotation Sitka spruce chronosequence composed of four age classes (10, 15, 31, and 47 year old) in Central Ireland. The study aimed at identifying easily determinable environmental parameters that explained the variation in soil respiration rates. The variation(More)
Combined measurements of nitrification activity and N2O emissions were performed in a lowland and a montane tropical rainforest ecosystem in NE-Australia over a 18 months period from October 2001 until May 2003. At both sites gross nitrification rates, measured by the BaPS technique, showed a strong seasonal pattern with significantly higher rates of gross(More)
We present a new model unifying state-of-the-art descriptions of microbial processes for denitrification, nitrification and decomposition of soil organic matter. The model is of medium complexity, filling a gap between simplistic model approaches with low predictive power and complex models, which are difficult to verify experimentally. The model Microbial(More)
The main focus of this study was to evaluate the effects of soil moisture and temperature on temporal variation of N2O, CO2 and CH4 soil-atmosphere exchange at a primary seasonal tropical rainforest (PF) site in Southwest China and to compare these fluxes with fluxes from a secondary forest (SF) and a rubber plantation (RP) site. Agroforestry systems, such(More)
Traditional irrigated double-rice cropping systems have to cope with reduced water availability due to changes of climate and economic conditions. To quantify the shift in CH4 and N2O emissions when changing from traditional to diversified double cropping-systems, an experiment including flooded rice, non-flooded “aerobic” rice and maize was conducted(More)
[1] N2O, CH4 and CO2 soil-atmosphere exchange and controlling environmental factors were studied for a 3-month period (dry-wet season transition) at the Kakamega Rain forest, Kenya, Africa, using an automated measurement system. The mean N2O emission was 42.9 ± 0.7 mg N m 2 h 1 (range: 1.1–324.8 mg N m 2 h ). Considering the duration of dry and wet season(More)
We present a new model system, which facilitates scaling of ecosystem processes from the site to regional simulation domains. The new framework LandscapeDNDC—partly based on the biogeochemical site scale model DNDC—inherits a series of new features with regard to process descriptions, model structure and data I/O functionality. LandscapeDNDC incorporates(More)
Simulations with the process oriented Forest-DNDC model showed reasonable to good agreement with observations of soil water contents of different soil layers, annual amounts of seepage water and approximated rates of nitrate leaching at 79 sites across Germany. Following site evaluation, Forest-DNDC was coupled to a GIS to assess nitrate leaching from(More)