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Little is known about trigeminal nociception-induced cerebral activity and involvement of cerebral structures in pathogenesis of trigeminovascular headaches such as migraine. Neuroimaging has demonstrated cortical, hypothalamic and brainstem activation during the attack and after abolition with sumatriptan. This has led to the conclusion that the dorsal(More)
Migraineous and non-migraineous headache is reported to be at highest intensity after an infection. This study investigated whether activation of the immune system can induce hyperalgesia in intracranial capsaicin sensitive afferents. The effects of intraperitoneal injected lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on behavior and c-fos expression in the trigeminal nucleus(More)
Mechanisms underlying migraine precipitation are largely unknown. A role of the immune system in migraine precipitation is a matter of debate because of the association of atopic disorders and migraine. Recently, it was demonstrated that migraineurs benefit from eradication of a Helicobacter pylori infection, which substantiates a possible role for(More)
Several reports suggest that the activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA-axis) is increased following hypoxia/ischaemia and that this might be associated with increased neuronal vulnerability. The main goal of this study was to examine the effects of down-regulation of the HPA-axis on the hypoxia/ischaemia-induced (1) rise of plasma(More)
Hypoxia-ischemia is accompanied by abundant corticosterone secretion that could exacerbate brain damage after the insult. The authors demonstrate that the steroid synthesis inhibitor metyrapone (150 mg/kg subcutaneously) suppresses the hypoxia-ischemia-induced rise of plasma corticosterone levels (17.3 +/- 3.6 micrograms/dL) when compared with(More)
The present study describes the effects of implantation of microdialysis probes on temperature and activity rhythms of the rat, measured with a telemetry system. For comparison two widely used types of microdialysis probes were investigated, a transcerebral probe, inserted into the pineal gland and a set of two I-shaped concentric probes, implanted(More)
A method for the continuous ultrafiltration of venous blood or subcutaneous fluid is demonstrated with glucose monitoring in the living rat. Ultrafiltrate was withdrawn at a constant flow rate of approximately 100 nl/min. Glucose content of the ultrafiltrates was electrochemically determined with a flow injection analysis method and a bi-enzyme reactor.(More)