Ralf Köster

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BACKGROUND The antianginal efficacy of ivabradine was studied in controlled clinical trials. Strict patient selection criteria may cause a discrepancy between the results of highly controlled clinical trials and everyday routine practice. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ivabradine in everyday routine practice. (More)
In patients >80 years (octogenarians), there is an increased incidence of bradycardia due to age-related alteration of the sinus node, AV node, and the conduction system. Therefore, the treatment of angina pectoris with beta-blockers may be limited by bradycardia. The REDUCTION multicenter study evaluated the efficacy of ivabradine in stable angina pectoris(More)
Endothelins, nitric oxide, and oxygen-derived free radicals decisively regulate vascular tone. An imbalance in the biosynthesis of these substances in pathophysiologic conditions may trigger vasospasm and promote the development of atherosclerosis. Previous studies have shown that oxygen-derived free radicals can increase the synthesis of endothelin-1 in(More)
Modulation of the biosynthesis of the vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin-1 by oxygen-derived free radicals generated by xanthine oxidase or hydrogen peroxide was studied in cultured endothelial cells. Endothelin-1 metabolism was investigated at the level of endothelin-1 promoter, preproendothelin-1 mRNA and intracellular big endothelin-1. Endothelin-1 mRNA,(More)
Coronary endothelial dysfunction is a powerful prognostic marker in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) that is centrally related to oxidative inhibition of nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vascular cell signaling. Xanthine oxidase (XO), which both binds to and is expressed by endothelial cells, generates superoxide and hydrogen peroxide upon oxidation(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary in-stent restenosis might be triggered by contact allergy to nickel, chromate, or molybdenum ions released from stainless-steel stents. We investigated the association between allergic reactions to stent components and the occurrence of in-stent restenosis. METHODS Patients with coronary stainless-steel stents who underwent angiography(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the clinical and angiographic six-month follow-up after excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) for restenosed coronary stents. BACKGROUND Excimer laser coronary angioplasty has recently been shown to be safe and efficient for the treatment of in-stent restenosis. METHODS Ninety-six consecutive patients successfully(More)
AIMS The German Angioplasty Bypass Surgery Investigation was designed to compare symptomatic efficacy and safety of percutaneous coronary balloon angioplasty (PTCA) with coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in patients with symptomatic multi-vessel disease. This follow-up study was performed to determine the long-term outcome of patients following these(More)
We compared a conventional stent (Jostent Flex, Jomed GmbH, Rangendingen, Germany) with a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-membrane-covered stent (Jostent Stentgraft) in patients undergoing intervention of a stenosis in an obstructed vein graft. The use of stents improved results of percutaneous revascularization of obstructed vein grafts, but did not(More)