Ralf Janknecht

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FLK1-expressing (FLK1(+)) mesoderm generates blood and vessels. Here, we show that combined BMP, Notch, and Wnt signaling is necessary for efficient FLK1(+) mesoderm formation from embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Inhibition of BMP, Notch, and Wnt signaling pathways greatly decreased the generation of FLK1(+) mesoderm and expression of the Ets transcription(More)
The c-kit-encoded receptor protein tyrosine kinase for stem cell factor (Kit/SCF-R) is essential for the development of cells within the hematopoietic, melanogenic and gametogenic lineages. SCF stimulation induces activation of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which is required for SCF-induced mitogenesis and cell survival, and for activation of the(More)
TGF-beta and activin induce the phosphorylation and activation of Smad2 and Smad3, but how these proteins stimulate gene transcription is poorly understood. We report that TGF-beta receptor phosphorylation of Smad3 promotes its interaction with the paralogous coactivators CBP and p300, whereas CBP/p300 binding to nonphosphorylated Smad3 or its(More)
Members of the Ras subfamily of small GTP-binding proteins have been shown to be promiscuous towards a variety of putative effector molecules such as the protein kinase c-Raf and the Ral-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor (Ral-GEF). To address the question of specificity of interactions we have introduced the mutations E30D and K31E into Rap and(More)
Ternary complex factors (TCFs), one of which is Elk-1, have been implicated in mediation of c-fos induction. They have been shown to be phosphorylated by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in vitro. We demonstrate that recombinant Elk-1 is hyperphosphorylated in vivo upon joint overexpression of MAPKs and constitutively activated Raf-1 kinase, the(More)
p68 RNA helicase has been implicated in a variety of processes, including rearrangement of RNA secondary structures, RNA splicing, gene transcription and tumor development, yet its mechanisms of action are not well understood. In this study, we show that p68 is predominantly localized to the cell nucleus, where it partially colocalizes with the(More)
One hallmark of tumor formation is the transcriptional upregulation of human telomerase reverse transcriptase, hTERT, and the resultant induction of telomerase activity. However, little is presently understood about how hTERT is differentially activated in tumor cells versus normal somatic cells. Specifically, it is unclear if oncoproteins can directly(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) is a transcription factor that is pivotal for the development of prostate cancer. Here, we have identified two related histone demethylases, JMJD2A and JMJD2D, which form complexes with ligand-bound AR. We found that AR interacts through its ligand binding domain with JMJD2A and JMJD2D. On the other hand, JMJD2A utilizes its(More)
The expansion of repressive epigenetic marks has been implicated in heterochromatin formation during embryonic development, but the general applicability of this mechanism is unclear. Here we show that nuclear rearrangement of repressive histone marks H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 into nonoverlapping structural layers characterizes senescence-associated(More)
TGFbeta inducible early gene (TIEG) encodes a three zinc-finger Krüppel-like transcription factor whose overexpression has been shown to mimic the effects of TGFbeta in human osteosarcoma and pancreatic carcinoma cells. In order to investigate a potential role of TIEG in the TGFbeta signal transduction pathway, we studied its impact on a Smad binding(More)