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Members of the Ras subfamily of small GTP-binding proteins have been shown to be promiscuous towards a variety of putative effector molecules such as the protein kinase c-Raf and the Ral-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor (Ral-GEF). To address the question of specificity of interactions we have introduced the mutations E30D and K31E into Rap and… (More)
The expansion of repressive epigenetic marks has been implicated in heterochromatin formation during embryonic development, but the general applicability of this mechanism is unclear. Here we show that nuclear rearrangement of repressive histone marks H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 into nonoverlapping structural layers characterizes senescence-associated… (More)
PURPOSE Tumor markers ideally allow monitoring and prediction of disease progression. In Ewing's sarcoma, a devastating childhood cancer, only a few reliable prognostic markers have been identified. To this end, we analyzed the expression of four tumor-promoting proteins, cyclin D1, HER2/Neu, Mdm2, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), in Ewing's… (More)
The transcription factors that bind the c-fos promoter element SRE are targeted by multiple, independent signalling cascades; the identities of these signalling pathways and their modes of activation are being elucidated.
CBP and p300 are versatile coactivators that physically connect many DNA-binding factors to the basal transcription machinery. Phosphorylation by cyclin-dependent or signal-induced protein kinases may regulate their function.
The c-kit-encoded receptor protein tyrosine kinase for stem cell factor (Kit/SCF-R) is essential for the development of cells within the hematopoietic, melanogenic and gametogenic lineages. SCF stimulation induces activation of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which is required for SCF-induced mitogenesis and cell survival, and for activation of the… (More)
Vaccinia virus has been used as a vector to express foreign genes for the production of functional and posttranslationally modified proteins. A procedure is described here that allows the rapid native purification of vaccinia-expressed proteins fused to an amino-terminal tag of six histidines. Extracts from cells infected with recombinant vaccinia virus are… (More)
A plethora of extracellular signals leads to the stimulation of Ras, which triggers intracellular protein kinase cascades, resulting in activation of transcription factors and thus in enhanced gene activity. In this report, it is demonstrated that the ETS transcription factor ER81, which appears to be localized within the cell nucleus by virtue of its DNA… (More)
p68 RNA helicase has been implicated in a variety of processes, including rearrangement of RNA secondary structures, RNA splicing, gene transcription and tumor development, yet its mechanisms of action are not well understood. In this study, we show that p68 is predominantly localized to the cell nucleus, where it partially colocalizes with the… (More)