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BACKGROUND Adenocarcinomas of the small and the large intestine share risk factors and morphological features but both tumor types seem to follow different genetic pathways. The aim of this study on small intestinal carcinomas was to analyze alternative mechanisms of activation of pathways that are typically affected in colorectal cancer. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still poor. Activating epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are important genetic alterations with dramatic therapeutical implications. Up to now, in contrast to Asian populations only limited data on the prevalence of those mutations are available from patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES Pancreatic endocrine tumors represent morphologically and biologically heterogeneous neoplasms. Well-differentiated endocrine tumors (benign or of uncertain behavior) can be distinguished from well-differentiated and poorly differentiated endocrine carcinomas. Although many well-differentiated endocrine carcinomas show rather low rates of tumor(More)
Evaluation of proliferative activity is a cornerstone in the classification of endocrine tumors; in pulmonary carcinoids, the mitotic count delineates typical carcinoid (TC) from atypical carcinoid (AC). Data on the reproducibility of manual mitotic counting and other methods of proliferation index evaluation in this tumor entity are sparse. Nine(More)
INTRODUCTION The 2004 version of the World Health Organization classification subdivides thymic epithelial tumors into A, AB, B1, B2, and B3 (and rare other) thymomas and thymic carcinomas (TC). Due to a morphological continuum between some thymoma subtypes and some morphological overlap between thymomas and TC, a variable proportion of cases may pose(More)
The molecular pathogenesis of thymomas and thymic carcinomas (TCs) is poorly understood and results of adjuvant therapy are unsatisfactory in case of metastatic disease and tumor recurrence. For these clinical settings, novel therapeutic strategies are urgently needed. Recently, limited sequencing efforts revealed that a broad spectrum of genes that play(More)
We introduce a new model-based approach for automatic quantification of colocalizations in multichannel 3D microscopy images. The approach uses different 3D parametric intensity models in conjunction with a model fitting scheme to localize and quantify subcellular structures with high accuracy. The central idea is to determine colocalizations between(More)
The CTCF gene encodes for a transcriptional repressor of the c-myc oncogene and has previously been mapped to one of the smallest regions of overlapping interstitial deletions on chromosome 16q22.1 in invasive breast cancer. This chromosomal region is frequently deleted in both invasive lobular and ductal breast carcinomas. However, no target genes have(More)
An unusual pancreatic tumor with microcystic and tubulopapillary features was observed in a 53-year-old woman. The tumor presented as a large, focally cystic mass in the head of the pancreas, which compressed the surrounding structures. The histological and immunohistochemical analysis revealed a neoplasm that could not be assigned to any of the known(More)
The object of our multicenter retrospective study was to compare the new histologic World Health Organization (WHO) classification and the classical histologic Bernatz classification in terms of interobserver agreement and prognostic importance. The influence of coexisting diseases was also analyzed using the Charlson score. We evaluated 218 patients from 5(More)